Effects of interpretation bias modification on unregulated and regulated emotional reactivity

Bram Van Bockstaele, Lies Notebaert, Elske Salemink, Patrick J.F. Clarke, Colin MacLeod, Reinout W. Wiers, Susan M. Bögels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although induced changes in interpretation bias can lead to reduced levels of stress reactivity, results are often inconsistent. One possible cause of the inconsistencies in the effects of interpretation bias modification (IBM) on stress reactivity is the degree to which participants engaged in emotion regulation while being exposed to stressors. In this study, we distinguished between the effects of IBM on natural, unregulated stress reactivity and the effects of IBM on people's ability to up- or downregulate this stress reactivity.

METHOD: Both in the context of general anxiety (Experiment 1, N = 59) and social anxiety (Experiment 2, N = 54), we trained participants to interpret ambiguous scenarios in either a positive or a negative manner, and we assessed the effects on unregulated and regulated stress reactivity.

RESULTS: Although we found relatively consistent training-congruent changes in interpretation bias in both experiments, these changes had no effect on either unregulated or regulated stress reactivity.

LIMITATIONS: In both experiments, we used healthy student samples and relatively mild emotional stressors.

CONCLUSIONS: In line with previous research, our findings suggest that the effects of IBM on unregulated stress reactivity may be small and inconsistent. Differences in the extent to which participants engaged in emotion regulation during stressor exposure are unlikely to account for these inconsistencies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-132
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Volume64
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019

Fingerprint

Emotions
Anxiety
Aptitude
Up-Regulation
Down-Regulation
Students
Research
Emotion
Reactivity
Experiment
Emotion Regulation
Inconsistency

Cite this

@article{57d21e9f133440c0b6a6ba467f4092db,
title = "Effects of interpretation bias modification on unregulated and regulated emotional reactivity",
abstract = "BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although induced changes in interpretation bias can lead to reduced levels of stress reactivity, results are often inconsistent. One possible cause of the inconsistencies in the effects of interpretation bias modification (IBM) on stress reactivity is the degree to which participants engaged in emotion regulation while being exposed to stressors. In this study, we distinguished between the effects of IBM on natural, unregulated stress reactivity and the effects of IBM on people's ability to up- or downregulate this stress reactivity.METHOD: Both in the context of general anxiety (Experiment 1, N = 59) and social anxiety (Experiment 2, N = 54), we trained participants to interpret ambiguous scenarios in either a positive or a negative manner, and we assessed the effects on unregulated and regulated stress reactivity.RESULTS: Although we found relatively consistent training-congruent changes in interpretation bias in both experiments, these changes had no effect on either unregulated or regulated stress reactivity.LIMITATIONS: In both experiments, we used healthy student samples and relatively mild emotional stressors.CONCLUSIONS: In line with previous research, our findings suggest that the effects of IBM on unregulated stress reactivity may be small and inconsistent. Differences in the extent to which participants engaged in emotion regulation during stressor exposure are unlikely to account for these inconsistencies.",
keywords = "Anxiety, Cognitive bias modification, Emotion regulation, Interpretation bias, Reappraisal",
author = "{Van Bockstaele}, Bram and Lies Notebaert and Elske Salemink and Clarke, {Patrick J.F.} and Colin MacLeod and Wiers, {Reinout W.} and B{\"o}gels, {Susan M.}",
year = "2019",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.03.009",
language = "English",
volume = "64",
pages = "123--132",
journal = "Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry",
issn = "0005-7916",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of interpretation bias modification on unregulated and regulated emotional reactivity

AU - Van Bockstaele, Bram

AU - Notebaert, Lies

AU - Salemink, Elske

AU - Clarke, Patrick J.F.

AU - MacLeod, Colin

AU - Wiers, Reinout W.

AU - Bögels, Susan M.

PY - 2019/9

Y1 - 2019/9

N2 - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although induced changes in interpretation bias can lead to reduced levels of stress reactivity, results are often inconsistent. One possible cause of the inconsistencies in the effects of interpretation bias modification (IBM) on stress reactivity is the degree to which participants engaged in emotion regulation while being exposed to stressors. In this study, we distinguished between the effects of IBM on natural, unregulated stress reactivity and the effects of IBM on people's ability to up- or downregulate this stress reactivity.METHOD: Both in the context of general anxiety (Experiment 1, N = 59) and social anxiety (Experiment 2, N = 54), we trained participants to interpret ambiguous scenarios in either a positive or a negative manner, and we assessed the effects on unregulated and regulated stress reactivity.RESULTS: Although we found relatively consistent training-congruent changes in interpretation bias in both experiments, these changes had no effect on either unregulated or regulated stress reactivity.LIMITATIONS: In both experiments, we used healthy student samples and relatively mild emotional stressors.CONCLUSIONS: In line with previous research, our findings suggest that the effects of IBM on unregulated stress reactivity may be small and inconsistent. Differences in the extent to which participants engaged in emotion regulation during stressor exposure are unlikely to account for these inconsistencies.

AB - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although induced changes in interpretation bias can lead to reduced levels of stress reactivity, results are often inconsistent. One possible cause of the inconsistencies in the effects of interpretation bias modification (IBM) on stress reactivity is the degree to which participants engaged in emotion regulation while being exposed to stressors. In this study, we distinguished between the effects of IBM on natural, unregulated stress reactivity and the effects of IBM on people's ability to up- or downregulate this stress reactivity.METHOD: Both in the context of general anxiety (Experiment 1, N = 59) and social anxiety (Experiment 2, N = 54), we trained participants to interpret ambiguous scenarios in either a positive or a negative manner, and we assessed the effects on unregulated and regulated stress reactivity.RESULTS: Although we found relatively consistent training-congruent changes in interpretation bias in both experiments, these changes had no effect on either unregulated or regulated stress reactivity.LIMITATIONS: In both experiments, we used healthy student samples and relatively mild emotional stressors.CONCLUSIONS: In line with previous research, our findings suggest that the effects of IBM on unregulated stress reactivity may be small and inconsistent. Differences in the extent to which participants engaged in emotion regulation during stressor exposure are unlikely to account for these inconsistencies.

KW - Anxiety

KW - Cognitive bias modification

KW - Emotion regulation

KW - Interpretation bias

KW - Reappraisal

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064261982&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.03.009

DO - 10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.03.009

M3 - Article

VL - 64

SP - 123

EP - 132

JO - Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

JF - Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

SN - 0005-7916

ER -