Effects of Immunosuppression on Regrowth of Adult Rat Retinal Ganglion Cell Axons Into Peripheral Nerve Allografts

R.S. Gillon, Q. Cui, Sarah Dunlop, Alan Harvey

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    Abstract

    Analysis of the effectiveness of allografts and immunosuppression in the repair of nerve defects in the adult peripheral nervous system (PNS) has a long experimental and clinical history. There is little information, however, on the use of allografts in peripheral nerve (PN) transplantation into the injured central nervous system (CNS). We assessed the ability of PN allografts (from Dark-Agouti rats) to support regeneration of adult rat retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axons in immunosuppressed host Lewis rats. PN allografts were sutured onto intraorbitally transected optic nerves. Three weeks after grafting, regenerating RGC axon numbers were determined using retrograde fluorescent labelling, and total axons within PN grafts were assessed using pan-neurofilament immunohistochemistry. In the absence of immunosuppression, PN allografts contained few axons and there were very few labelled RGC. These degenerate grafts contained many T cells and macrophages. Systemic (intraperitoneal) application of the immunosuppressants cyclosporin-A or FK506 reduced cellular infiltration into allografts and resulted in extensive axonal regrowth from surviving RGCs. The average number of RGCs regenerating axons into immunosuppressed allografts was not significantly different from that seen in PN autografts in rats sham-injected with saline. Many pan-neurofilament-positive axons, a proportion of which were myelinated, were seen in immunosuppressed allografts, particularly in proximal regions of the grafts toward the optic nerve-PN interface. This study demonstrates that PN allografts can support axonal regrowth in immunosuppressed adult hosts, and points to possible clinical use in CNS repair. (C) 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)524-532
    JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
    Volume74
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

    Fingerprint

    Retinal Ganglion Cells
    Peripheral Nerves
    Immunosuppression
    Allografts
    Axons
    Intermediate Filaments
    Immunocompromised Host
    Optic Nerve
    Transplants
    Central Nervous System
    Autografts
    Peripheral Nervous System
    Tacrolimus
    Immunosuppressive Agents
    Cyclosporine
    Regeneration
    Cell Count
    Transplantation
    Immunohistochemistry
    Macrophages

    Cite this

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    abstract = "Analysis of the effectiveness of allografts and immunosuppression in the repair of nerve defects in the adult peripheral nervous system (PNS) has a long experimental and clinical history. There is little information, however, on the use of allografts in peripheral nerve (PN) transplantation into the injured central nervous system (CNS). We assessed the ability of PN allografts (from Dark-Agouti rats) to support regeneration of adult rat retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axons in immunosuppressed host Lewis rats. PN allografts were sutured onto intraorbitally transected optic nerves. Three weeks after grafting, regenerating RGC axon numbers were determined using retrograde fluorescent labelling, and total axons within PN grafts were assessed using pan-neurofilament immunohistochemistry. In the absence of immunosuppression, PN allografts contained few axons and there were very few labelled RGC. These degenerate grafts contained many T cells and macrophages. Systemic (intraperitoneal) application of the immunosuppressants cyclosporin-A or FK506 reduced cellular infiltration into allografts and resulted in extensive axonal regrowth from surviving RGCs. The average number of RGCs regenerating axons into immunosuppressed allografts was not significantly different from that seen in PN autografts in rats sham-injected with saline. Many pan-neurofilament-positive axons, a proportion of which were myelinated, were seen in immunosuppressed allografts, particularly in proximal regions of the grafts toward the optic nerve-PN interface. This study demonstrates that PN allografts can support axonal regrowth in immunosuppressed adult hosts, and points to possible clinical use in CNS repair. (C) 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.",
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    AU - Gillon, R.S.

    AU - Cui, Q.

    AU - Dunlop, Sarah

    AU - Harvey, Alan

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    N2 - Analysis of the effectiveness of allografts and immunosuppression in the repair of nerve defects in the adult peripheral nervous system (PNS) has a long experimental and clinical history. There is little information, however, on the use of allografts in peripheral nerve (PN) transplantation into the injured central nervous system (CNS). We assessed the ability of PN allografts (from Dark-Agouti rats) to support regeneration of adult rat retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axons in immunosuppressed host Lewis rats. PN allografts were sutured onto intraorbitally transected optic nerves. Three weeks after grafting, regenerating RGC axon numbers were determined using retrograde fluorescent labelling, and total axons within PN grafts were assessed using pan-neurofilament immunohistochemistry. In the absence of immunosuppression, PN allografts contained few axons and there were very few labelled RGC. These degenerate grafts contained many T cells and macrophages. Systemic (intraperitoneal) application of the immunosuppressants cyclosporin-A or FK506 reduced cellular infiltration into allografts and resulted in extensive axonal regrowth from surviving RGCs. The average number of RGCs regenerating axons into immunosuppressed allografts was not significantly different from that seen in PN autografts in rats sham-injected with saline. Many pan-neurofilament-positive axons, a proportion of which were myelinated, were seen in immunosuppressed allografts, particularly in proximal regions of the grafts toward the optic nerve-PN interface. This study demonstrates that PN allografts can support axonal regrowth in immunosuppressed adult hosts, and points to possible clinical use in CNS repair. (C) 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

    AB - Analysis of the effectiveness of allografts and immunosuppression in the repair of nerve defects in the adult peripheral nervous system (PNS) has a long experimental and clinical history. There is little information, however, on the use of allografts in peripheral nerve (PN) transplantation into the injured central nervous system (CNS). We assessed the ability of PN allografts (from Dark-Agouti rats) to support regeneration of adult rat retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axons in immunosuppressed host Lewis rats. PN allografts were sutured onto intraorbitally transected optic nerves. Three weeks after grafting, regenerating RGC axon numbers were determined using retrograde fluorescent labelling, and total axons within PN grafts were assessed using pan-neurofilament immunohistochemistry. In the absence of immunosuppression, PN allografts contained few axons and there were very few labelled RGC. These degenerate grafts contained many T cells and macrophages. Systemic (intraperitoneal) application of the immunosuppressants cyclosporin-A or FK506 reduced cellular infiltration into allografts and resulted in extensive axonal regrowth from surviving RGCs. The average number of RGCs regenerating axons into immunosuppressed allografts was not significantly different from that seen in PN autografts in rats sham-injected with saline. Many pan-neurofilament-positive axons, a proportion of which were myelinated, were seen in immunosuppressed allografts, particularly in proximal regions of the grafts toward the optic nerve-PN interface. This study demonstrates that PN allografts can support axonal regrowth in immunosuppressed adult hosts, and points to possible clinical use in CNS repair. (C) 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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