Effects of dietary acute tryptophan depletion (ATD) on NPY serum levels in healthy adult humans whilst controlling for methionine supply—a pilot study

Janice W.Y. Wong, Hugo A.E. Morandini, Vita L.S. Dingerkus, Tilman J. Gaber, Kevin C. Runions, Pradeep Rao, Simone Mahfouda, Katrin Helmbold, Sarah Bubenzer-Busch, Rebecca Koenemann, Richard M. Stewart, Florian D. Zepf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Central nervous serotonin (5-HT) can influence behaviour and neuropsychiatric disorders. Evidence from animal models suggest that lowered levels of neuropeptide Y (NPY) may have similar effects, although it is currently unknown whether decreased central nervous 5-HT impact NPY concentrations. Given that the production of NPY is dependent on the essential amino acid methionine (MET), it is imperative to account for the presence of MET in such investigations. Hence, this study sought to examine the effects of acute tryptophan depletion (ATD; a dietary procedure that temporarily lowers central nervous 5-HT synthesis) on serum concentrations of NPY, whilst using the potential renal acid load indicator (PRAL) to control for levels of MET. In a double-blind repeated measures design, 24 adult humans randomly received an AA-load lacking in TRP (ATD) on one occasion, and a balanced control mixture with TRP (BAL) on a second occasion, both with a PRAL of nearly 47.3 mEq of MET. Blood samples were obtained at 90, 180, and 240 min after each of the AA challenges. ATD, and therefore, diminished substrate availability for brain 5-HT synthesis did not lead to significant changes in serum NPY concentrations over time, compared to BAL, under an acute acidotic stimulus.

Original languageEnglish
Article number594
Number of pages12
JournalNutrients
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 May 2018

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