Effects of continuous wave and fractionated diode laser on human fibroblast cancer and dermal normal cells by zinc phthalocyanine in photodynamic therapy: A comparative study

Farzaneh Navaeipour, Hadi Afsharan, Habib Tajalli, Mahmood Mollabashi, Farideh Ranjbari, Azadeh Montaseri, Mohammad Reza Rashidi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this experimental study, cancer and normal cells behavior during an in vitro photodynamic therapy (PDT) under exposure of continuous wave (CW) and fractionated mode of laser with different irradiation power and time intervals was compared and investigated. At the first, human fibroblast cancer cell line (SW 872) and human dermal normal (HFFF2) cell line were incubated with different concentrations of zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc), as a PDT drug. The cells, then, were irradiated with a 675 nm diode laser and the cell viability was evaluated using MTT assay. Under optimized conditions, the viability of the cancer cells was eventually reduced to 3.23% and 13.17%, and that of normal cells was decreased to 20.83% and 36.23% using CW and fractionated diode lasers, respectively. In general, the ratio of ZnPc LD50 values for the normal cells to the cancer cells with CW laser was much higher than that of the fractionated laser. Subsequently, cancer cells in comparison with normal ones were found to be more sensitive toward the photodynamic damage induced by ZnPc. In addition, treatment with CW laser was found to be more effective against the cancer cells with a lower toxicity to the normal cells compared with the fractionated diode laser.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)456-462
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology
Volume161
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes

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