Effects of chronic treatment of rats with 'designer' amphetamines on brain regional monoamines

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Abstract

(+)-Amphetamine and two structurally related analogues, 4-methoxyamphetamine and a recent 'designer drug', 4-ethoxyamphetamine, were given to rats via subcutaneous osmotic minipumps for 1-14 days. Regional brain levels of the drugs as well as monoamine neurotransmitters and some of their major acidic metabolites were determined. Amphetamine produced depletions of dopamine in the striatum after at least 3 days of treatment but not in the nucleus accumbens or olfactory tubercle, even after 14 days of treatment. In contrast, the two ring-substituted amphetamine analogues increased levels of the monoamines and decreased levels of their acid metabolites. These data indicate that the two ring-substituted amphetamine analogues, at least one of which is a potent hallucinogen, have potent monoamine oxidase inhibition properties that are sustained during chronic treatment. Furthermore, these two compounds do not share amphetamine's regionally selective neurotoxic effects on dopamine-releasing terminals, even though brain and striatal drug levels are the same or higher than those of amphetamine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1825-1832
Number of pages8
JournalCanadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Volume69
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1991
Externally publishedYes

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