Effectiveness of standard urotherapy (basic bladder advice) and combination therapies in managing bladder dysfunction in children with treated behavioral disorders: Results of a prospective cohort (DABBED) study

Dilharan D. Eliezer, Naeem Samnakay, Malcolm R. Starkey, Aniruddh V. Deshpande

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: We evaluated the efficacy of standard urotherapy and combination therapies in treatment of bladder dysfunction in children with treated behavioral disorders. Methods: Prospective study of children (6-16 years) with bladder dysfunction and behavioral disorders was conducted between March 2018-2020. Eligible children were initially offered standard urotherapy and those with no response at 3 months were offered combination therapies. Symptomatic response, changes in Akbal score and PinQ score were reported at 6 months and outcomes were correlated to behavioral diagnoses and medications. Results: Thirty-nine consecutive children (male = 27, mean age [SD] 10.3 [±2.0] years) were recruited, of whom 29 completed the study (five lost to follow-up, three non-compliant to treatment, two excluded). Thirty-four (87%) children had attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (n = 11) and non-monosymptomatic enuresis (n = 17) were the commonest diagnoses. Following 3-month review, 14 (38%) children continued to receive standard urotherapy, while 15 (41%) children were transitioned to combination therapy. At 6-month review, complete/partial response was seen in 62% (23/37) and no response in 16% (6/37); with 32% (12/37) responding to standard urotherapy alone. Akbal symptom scores (15.9-11.5; P < 0.01) and PinQ scores (26.0-19.5; P = 0.008) improved significantly at 6-month follow-up. Type of underlying behavioral disorder(s) or medications for behavioral disorder did not influence the outcomes. Conclusion: This study confirms that children with underlying behavioral disorders are able to have a good response to the appropriate therapy for their bladder dysfunction with a third of children responding to standard urotherapy alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)490-497
Number of pages8
JournalLUTS: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effectiveness of standard urotherapy (basic bladder advice) and combination therapies in managing bladder dysfunction in children with treated behavioral disorders: Results of a prospective cohort (DABBED) study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this