Effectiveness of low-dose intradermal hepatitis B vaccination. Five years' experience of primary vaccination

S. C. Thompson, R. Darlington, D. Tallent, R. Robins-Browne, J. R L Forsyth

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Abstract

Objective: To determine whether intradermal hepatitis B vaccination is an effective procedure. Design: A study of antibody responses to hepatitis B vaccine in 753 medical students. Setting: Routine vaccination of medical students with intradermal doses of hepatitis B vaccines of various origins. Outcome measures: Rates of seroconversion and geometric mean levels of antibody achieved. Results: Seroconversion rates, indicated by antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs) levels of 10 mIU/mL or more, varied between 82% and 94.7% with different preparations of the vaccine. With a four-dose intradermal schedule over two successive cohorts, Engerix-B (SmithKline Beecham) gave better responses, in this context, than H-B-Vax II (Merck Sharp and Dohme). Any reactions to the vaccination were mild and local. Conclusion: The intradermal route is a practical method of vaccination against hepatitis B in healthy young adults when the cost of the vaccine is an inhibiting factor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)372-375
Number of pages4
JournalMedical Journal of Australia
Volume158
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1993

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