Effect of stress history and shallow embedment on centrifuge cone penetration tests in sand

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paper

Abstract

The paper investigates the effect of stress history and shallow embedment on centrifuge cone penetration tests in sand. A series of centrifuge cone penetration tests were performed in loose and dense silica sand at g-levels ranging between 20 and 100 with corresponding overconsolidation ratio (OCR) between 1 and 5. Based on the measured cone tip resistance (qc) profiles, improved empirical correlations have been proposed with depth factors (fD) to impart additional flexibility in accurately back predicting sand relative density (RD) at shallow embedment in normally consolidated (NC) sands. The qc - RD correlations are then extended to capture overconsolidation effects in cone tip resistance, which is broadly consistent with the changes in compressibility and in-situ lateral stresses taking place in sands with increasing OCR levels. The proposed expressions allow accurate quantification of depth corrected CPT profiles in soils of varying overconsolidation ratio, for application in the interpretation of model tests on shallow foundations and anchors and in shallowly buried structures such as pipelines. The expressions also have application for interpretation of field CPT profiles where the thickness of interbedded layers is of similar order of magnitude to the cone diameter.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the ASME 2019 38th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
PublisherThe American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jun 2019
Event38th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore & Arctic Engineering - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: 9 Jun 201914 Jun 2019

Conference

Conference38th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore & Arctic Engineering
Abbreviated titleOMAE2019
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period9/06/1914/06/19

Fingerprint

cone penetration test
overconsolidation
centrifuge
sand
history
buried structure
compressibility
anchor
model test
silica
effect
soil

Cite this

Roy, A., Chow, S. H., O'Loughlin, C., & Randolph, M. (2019). Effect of stress history and shallow embedment on centrifuge cone penetration tests in sand. In Proceedings of the ASME 2019 38th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering [OMAE2019-95393] The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).
Roy, Anamitra ; Chow, Shiao Huey ; O'Loughlin, Conleth ; Randolph, Mark. / Effect of stress history and shallow embedment on centrifuge cone penetration tests in sand. Proceedings of the ASME 2019 38th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering. The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2019.
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Roy, A, Chow, SH, O'Loughlin, C & Randolph, M 2019, Effect of stress history and shallow embedment on centrifuge cone penetration tests in sand. in Proceedings of the ASME 2019 38th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering., OMAE2019-95393, The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 38th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore & Arctic Engineering, Glasgow, United Kingdom, 9/06/19.

Effect of stress history and shallow embedment on centrifuge cone penetration tests in sand. / Roy, Anamitra; Chow, Shiao Huey; O'Loughlin, Conleth; Randolph, Mark.

Proceedings of the ASME 2019 38th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering. The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2019. OMAE2019-95393.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paper

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T1 - Effect of stress history and shallow embedment on centrifuge cone penetration tests in sand

AU - Roy, Anamitra

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AU - Randolph, Mark

PY - 2019/6/19

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N2 - The paper investigates the effect of stress history and shallow embedment on centrifuge cone penetration tests in sand. A series of centrifuge cone penetration tests were performed in loose and dense silica sand at g-levels ranging between 20 and 100 with corresponding overconsolidation ratio (OCR) between 1 and 5. Based on the measured cone tip resistance (qc) profiles, improved empirical correlations have been proposed with depth factors (fD) to impart additional flexibility in accurately back predicting sand relative density (RD) at shallow embedment in normally consolidated (NC) sands. The qc - RD correlations are then extended to capture overconsolidation effects in cone tip resistance, which is broadly consistent with the changes in compressibility and in-situ lateral stresses taking place in sands with increasing OCR levels. The proposed expressions allow accurate quantification of depth corrected CPT profiles in soils of varying overconsolidation ratio, for application in the interpretation of model tests on shallow foundations and anchors and in shallowly buried structures such as pipelines. The expressions also have application for interpretation of field CPT profiles where the thickness of interbedded layers is of similar order of magnitude to the cone diameter.

AB - The paper investigates the effect of stress history and shallow embedment on centrifuge cone penetration tests in sand. A series of centrifuge cone penetration tests were performed in loose and dense silica sand at g-levels ranging between 20 and 100 with corresponding overconsolidation ratio (OCR) between 1 and 5. Based on the measured cone tip resistance (qc) profiles, improved empirical correlations have been proposed with depth factors (fD) to impart additional flexibility in accurately back predicting sand relative density (RD) at shallow embedment in normally consolidated (NC) sands. The qc - RD correlations are then extended to capture overconsolidation effects in cone tip resistance, which is broadly consistent with the changes in compressibility and in-situ lateral stresses taking place in sands with increasing OCR levels. The proposed expressions allow accurate quantification of depth corrected CPT profiles in soils of varying overconsolidation ratio, for application in the interpretation of model tests on shallow foundations and anchors and in shallowly buried structures such as pipelines. The expressions also have application for interpretation of field CPT profiles where the thickness of interbedded layers is of similar order of magnitude to the cone diameter.

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Roy A, Chow SH, O'Loughlin C, Randolph M. Effect of stress history and shallow embedment on centrifuge cone penetration tests in sand. In Proceedings of the ASME 2019 38th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering. The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). 2019. OMAE2019-95393