Effect of single water adsorption on the bond order of calcium silicates and its implication for hydration variation

Chongchong Qi, Xinhang Xu, Mengting Wu, Qiusong Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The differences in hydration between β-C2S and M3-C3S, the main phases of silicate cement, have not been fully investigated. In this study, density functional theory calculations were used to investigate the structure and bond order of β-C2S and M3-C3S before and after the molecular and dissociative adsorption of single water atoms. The unit cell of M3-C3S was found to have some O atoms with lower bond orders than those in β-C2S, implying higher chemical reactivity of O atoms in M3-C3S. The total bond orders of water atoms generally decreased after molecular adsorption, but reductions were minimal, and there were even increases, when the hydrogen bonding among H and surface O atoms was very weak in several M3-C3S surfaces. In the case of dissociative adsorption, the bond orders of water O–H hydroxyl tended to increase, and the other bond orders among water atoms decreased sharply, even to zero in some cases. Moreover, the bond order variations of water atoms of β-C2S and M3-C3S in molecular adsorption were highly correlated with the adsorption energy, with correlation coefficients of 0.9070 and 0.8330, respectively. In both molecular and dissociative adsorption of β-C2S and M3-C3S, the total bond order among Ca atoms with other surface atoms decreased after the Ca atoms adsorbed water atoms. This phenomenon also appeared in the dissociative adsorption of surface O atoms. In M3-C3S, the total strength of the surface O atom bonded to other surface atoms after dissociative adsorption was similar to the strength of the surface O–H hydroxyl bond. The special O atoms in M3-C3S showed a clear layered arrangement on the surfaces. In the case of dissociative adsorption, H atoms were preferentially adsorbed to special O atoms in the surface layer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3510-3520
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume105
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2022

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