BACKGROUND: Excessive inflammation is associated with adverse outcomes in preterm infants. C- reactive protein (CRP) is a marker of inflammation/infection. Probiotics have anti-inflammatory properties. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in preterm infants have not reported effect of probiotics on CRP. AIM: To evaluate effect of probiotics on CRP in preterm infants who had participated in a RCT of Bifidobacterium breve (B. breve) m-16v. METHODS: Data on all infants (GA <33 weeks, n = 159) enrolled in the RCT was analyzed. For study purpose, CRP <15 mg/L and ≤10 mg/L was considered normal for the first week, and thereafter respectively. Mixed logistic regression modelling was used to assess probiotic effect on CRP levels. RESULTS: There were 1579 CRP measurements (Probiotic: 851 vs. Placebo: 728). Baseline characteristics and number [Median (IQR)] of CRP estimations per infant [l0 (5, 20) vs. 10 (6, 17), p = 0.861] were comparable between probiotic vs. placebo group. There was no significant difference in the proportion of infants with high CRP over time (treatment by weekly time points interaction, p = 0.187), and across all time points between probiotic and placebo group (adjusted OR: 1.62, 95% CI: 0.91-2.88, p = 0.102) CONCLUSION: B. breve m-16v did not decrease CRP levels in preterm infants born <33 weeks.