Effect of Penetration Rate on Penetrometer Resistance in Clay

S.F. Chung, Mark Randolph, James Schneider

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    196 Citations (Scopus)


    This paper discusses the effects of penetration rate on the penetration resistance in soft clay for various shaped penetrometers (cone, T-bar, ball, and plate) and for T-bars with different aspect ratios. Constant rate ("normal") and variable rate ("twitch") penetration tests, where the penetration rate was successively halved over eight steps with the penetrometer advanced by one or two diameters in each step, were undertaken in the beam centrifuge at the University of Western Australia. The tests were conducted on. samples reconstituted from clay collected from the Burswood site in Western Australia. The twitch tests showed higher penetration resistance than the corresponding normal tests after the penetration rate had been reduced by a factor of 16 due to cumulative effects of partial consolidation. The penetration rate at which the resistance started to increase due to partial consolidation was used to estimate the consolidation coefficient, c, of the reconstituted clay. The interpreted c, values were similar to values estimated from other consolidation data, both in the centrifuge and from laboratory Rowe cell and constant rate of strain consolidation tests. In addition, results from in situ twitch tests at the Burswood site were examined to evaluate viscous effects on the penetration resistance.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1188-1196
    JournalJournal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - 2006


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