Effect of morning exercise with or without breaks in prolonged sitting on blood pressure in older overweight/obese adults

Michael J. Wheeler, David W. Dunstan, Kathryn A. Ellis, Ester Cerin, Sarah Phillips, Gavin Lambert, Louise H. Naylor, Paddy C. Dempsey, Bronwyn A. Kingwell, Daniel J. Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)
526 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Both exercise and breaks in prolonged sitting can reduce blood pressure (BP) in older overweight/obese adults. We investigated whether there is an additive hypotensive effect when exercise is combined with subsequent breaks in sitting. Sex differences and changes in plasma catecholamines as a potential candidate mechanism underlying BP responses were also examined. Sedentary older adults (n=67; 67±7 years; 31.2±4.1 kg/m2) completed 3 conditions in random order-sitting (SIT): uninterrupted sitting (8 hours, control); exercise+sitting (EX+SIT): sitting (1 hour), moderate-intensity walking (30 minutes), uninterrupted sitting (6.5 hours); exercise+breaks (EX+BR): sitting (1 hour), moderate-intensity walking (30 minutes), sitting interrupted every 30 minutes with 3 minutes of light-intensity walking (6.5 hours). Serial BP and plasma epinephrine/norepinephrine measurements occurred during 8 hours. The 8-hour average systolic and diastolic BP (mm Hg 95% CI) was lower in EX+SIT -3.4 (-4.5 to -2.3), -0.8 (-1.6 to -0.04), and EX+BR -5.1 (-6.2 to -4.0), -1.1 (-1.8 to -0.3), respectively, relative to SIT (all P <0.05). There was an additional reduction in average systolic BP of -1.7 (-2.8 to -0.6) in EX+BR relative to EX+SIT ( P=0.003). This additional reduction in systolic BP was driven by women -3.2 (-4.7 to -1.7; P<0.001 EX+BR versus EX+SIT). Average epinephrine decreased in EX+SIT and EX+BR in women (-13% to -12%) but increased in men (+12% to +23%), respectively, relative to SIT ( P<0.05). No differences in average norepinephrine were observed. Morning exercise reduces BP during a period of 8 hours in older overweight/obese adults compared with prolonged sitting. Combining exercise with regular breaks in sitting may be of more benefit for lowering BP in women than in men. Clinical Trial Registration- URL: https://www.anzctr.org.au . Unique identifier: ACTRN12614000737639.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)859-867
Number of pages9
JournalHypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979)
Volume73
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of morning exercise with or without breaks in prolonged sitting on blood pressure in older overweight/obese adults'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this