Effect of biochar in enhancing hydrogen production by mesophilic anaerobic digestion of food wastes: The role of minerals

Yusron Sugiarto, Nimas M.S. Sunyoto, Mingming Zhu, Isabelle Jones, Dongke Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of minerals in biochar in promoting hydrogen (H2) production by anaerobic digestion of food waste was investigated. The cultures with the addition of biochar, leached biochar, metal sulphate solution and leached biochar combined with metal sulphate solution, respectively, were placed in bench-scale reactors and incubated at incubator at 32 °C. Daily H2 production and volatile fatty acids (VFAs) were measured and the cumulative H2 yield (YH) and maximum H2 production rate (RH) were calculated. The microbial analysis was performed using Illumina MiSeq sequencing. Biochar addition significantly increased the maximum YH by 107% and RH by 54%. However, the addition of leached biochar only increased the maximum YH by 39% and RH by 45% than control. The primary elements in biochars that contribute to H2 production (Fe, K and Ca) were shown to increase the acetic acid, butyric acid and prevalence of the H2 producing bacteria Clostridium butyricum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3695-3703
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jan 2021

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