Effect of atorvastatin on postprandial lipoprotein metabolism in hypertriglyceridemic patients

K.G. Parhofer, E. Laubach, Hugh Barrett

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    42 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Postprandial lipoprotein metabolism is impaired in hypertriglyceridemia. It is unknown how and to what extent atorvastatin affects postprandial lipoprotein metabolism in hypertriglyceridemic patients. We evaluated the effect of 4 weeks of atorvastatin therapy (10 mg/day) on postprandial lipoprotein metabolism in 10 hypertriglyceridemic patients (age, 40 +/- 3 years; body mass index, 27 +/- 1 kg/m(2); cholesterol, 5.74 +/- 0.34 mmol/l; triglycerides, 3.90 +/- 0.66 mmol/l; HDL,cholesterol, 0.85 +/- 0.05 mmol/l; and LDL-cholesterol, 3.18 +/- 0.23 mmol/l). Patients were randomized to be studied with or without atorvastatin therapy. Postprandial lipoprotein metabolism was evaluated with a standardized oral fat load. Plasma was obtained every 2 h for 14 h. Large triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRLs) (containing chylomicrons) and small TRLs (containing chylomicron remnants) were isolated by ultracentrifugation, and cholesterol, triglyceride, apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB-100), apoB-48, apoC-III, and retinyl-palmitate concentrations were determined. Atorvastatin significantly (P < 0.01) decreased fasting cholesterol (-27%), triglycerides (-43%), LDI-cholesterol (-28%), and apoll-100 (-31%), and increased HDL-cholesterol (+19%). Incremental area under the curve (AUC) significantly (P < 0.05) decreased for large TRL-cholesterol, -triglycerides, and -retinyl-palmitate, while none of the small TRL parameters changed. These findings contrast with the results in normo-lipidemic subjects, in which atorvastatin decreased the AUC for chylomicron remnants (small TRLs) but not for chylomicrons (large TRLs).jlr We conclude that atorvastatin improves postprandial lipoprotein metabolism in addition to decreasing fasting lipid levels in hypertriglyceridemia. Such changes would be expected to improve the atherogenic profile.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1192-1198
    JournalJournal of Lipid Research
    Volume44
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

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