Effect of anterior chamber cannulation and acute IOP elevation on retinal macrophages in the adult mouse

Jelena M. Kezic, Vicki Chrysostomou, Ian A. Trounce, Paul G. McMenamin, Jonathan G. Crowston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


PURPOSE. To assess the retinal macrophage response to cannulation of the anterior chamber (AC) and acute elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP) in adult mice. METHODS. Eyes from 12-month-old C57BL/6J WT mice were subject to IOP increase (50 mm Hg for 30 minutes) by direct cannulation of the AC. Fellow eyes were either cannulated without pressure increase or left untreated. Electroretinography was carried out prior to IOP elevation and 1 week later. Immunofluorescence staining was performed on frozen sections and retinal wholemounts 1 week after sham and IOP elevation. Eyes were assessed by epifluorescence and confocal microscopy and the density of vitreal hyalocytes and subretinal macrophages was calculated. RESULTS. The density of hyalocytes and subretinal macrophages was significantly increased 1 week after IOP elevation and AC cannulation compared with naïve eyes. CD68 and MHC Class II expression was upregulated in both cannulated eyes and eyes with elevated IOP. Electroretinographic signals derived from retinal ganglion cells were significantly reduced in response to acute IOP elevation, but not in response to cannulation alone. CONCLUSIONS. Cannulation of the AC causes an increase in hyalocyte density, microglial activation, and accumulation of macrophages in the subretinal space. These macrophage changes are similar to those observed in eyes subject to IOP elevation. Additional IOP elevation led to significant M̈uller cell activation, which was not evident after cannulation alone. These data highlight the importance of using appropriate controls in models of acute retinal injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3028-3036
Number of pages9
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of anterior chamber cannulation and acute IOP elevation on retinal macrophages in the adult mouse'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this