Ecotoxicological effects of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and of a new PFAS adsorbing organoclay to immobilize PFAS in soils on earthworms and plants

Tatiane Medeiros Melo, Marina Schauerte, Annika Bluhm, Michal Slaný, Michael Paller, Nanthi Bolan, Julian Bosch, Andreas Fritzsche, Jörg Rinklebe

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel adsorptive organoclay (Intraplex A®) was developed for the in situ immobilization of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in the vadose zone. We provide the first evaluation of the effects of Intraplex A® on earthworms and plants in a PFAS-contaminated soil. Ecotoxicological tests were carried out on control soil with and without Intraplex A® (C + I and C, respectively) and PFAS-contaminated soil with and without Intraplex A® (PFAS + I and PFAS, respectively). We investigated the acute ecotoxicological effects of PFAS and Intraplex A® on the growth, reproduction and survival of earthworms (Eisenia fetida) and on plant growth (oat - Avena sativa and turnip - Brassica rapa L. silvestris). Earthworm lethality was 7.6 lower in PFAS + I than in PFAS soil. Earthworms avoided 100% C + I and PFAS + I soils, and reduced earthworms' reproduction was observed in both these soils. For both plant species, the PFAS + I soil yielded less fresh and dry shoot biomass than the PFAS soil, while root growth remained unaffected (all tests: p < 0.05). Soils with Intraplex A® had some negative effects on plants and earthworms, which must be balanced with its benefits as an in situ PFAS adsorbent.

Original languageEnglish
Article number128771
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume433
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jul 2022
Externally publishedYes

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