Economic burden of underweight and overweight among adults in the Asia-Pacific region: a systematic review

Mohammad Enamul Hoque, Munim Mannan, Kurt Z Long, Abdullah Al Mamun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the economic burden of underweight and overweight among adults in the Asia-Pacific region.

METHOD: Systematic review of articles published until March 2015.

RESULTS: Seventeen suitable articles were found, of which 13 assess the economic burden of overweight/obesity and estimate that it accounts for 1.5-9.9% of a country's total healthcare expenditure. Four articles on the economic burden of underweight estimate it at 2.5-3.8% of the country's total GDP. Using hospital data, and compared to normal weight individuals, four articles estimated extra healthcare costs for overweight individuals of 7-9.8% and more, and extra healthcare costs for obese individuals of 17-22.3% and higher.

CONCLUSION: Despite methodological diversity across the studies, there is a consensus that both underweight and overweight impose a substantial financial burden on healthcare systems in the Asia-Pacific region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)458-69
Number of pages12
JournalTROPICAL MEDICINE & INTERNATIONAL HEALTH
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016
Externally publishedYes

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