Early Childhood Health Outcomes Following In Utero Exposure to Influenza Vaccines: A Systematic Review

Damien Y.P. Foo, Mohinder Sarna, Gavin Pereira, Hannah C. Moore, Deshayne B. Fell, Annette K. Regan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CONTEXT: Vaccination during pregnancy is an effective strategy for preventing infant disease; however, little is known about early childhood health after maternal vaccination. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature on early childhood health associated with exposure to influenza vaccines in utero. DATA SOURCES: We searched CINAHL Plus, Embase, Medline, Scopus, and Web of Science for relevant articles published from inception to July 24, 2019. STUDY SELECTION: We included studies published in English reporting original data with measurement of in utero exposure to influenza vaccines and health outcomes among children <5 years of age. DATA EXTRACTION: Two authors independently assessed eligibility and extracted data on study design, setting, population, vaccines, outcomes, and results. RESULTS: The search yielded 3647 records, of which 9 studies met the inclusion criteria. Studies examined infectious, atopic, autoimmune, and neurodevelopmental outcomes, and all-cause morbidity and mortality. Authors of 2 studies reported an inverse association between pandemic influenza vaccination and upper respiratory tract infections, gastrointestinal infections, and all-cause hospitalizations; and authors of 2 studies reported modest increased association between several childhood disorders and pandemic or seasonal influenza vaccination, which, after adjusting for confounding and multiple comparisons, were not statistically significant. LIMITATIONS: Given the small number of studies addressing similarly defined outcomes, meta-analyses were deemed not possible. CONCLUSIONS: Results from the few studies in which researchers have examined outcomes in children older than 6 months of age did not identify an association between exposure to influenza vaccines in utero and adverse childhood health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere20200375
JournalPediatrics
Volume146
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2020

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