Dynamics of heavy metal(loid)s in mine soils

Anitha Kunhikrishnan, Nanthi S. Bolan, Saikat Chowdhury, Jin Hee Park, Hyuck Soo Kim, Girish Choppala, Bhupinder Pal Singh, Won Kim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Mine sites can be a potential threat to public health due to the risk of polluting nearby groundwater and soils. During the early mining period, mining companies had less strict remediation codes than those in place now, and waste material was customarily disposed in heaps (tailings) in the direct vicinity of the mine (Johnson et al. 2016; Pascaud et al. 2015). Once the ore was exhausted, companies either closed down or moved out, many of them leaving their mining waste behind. These abandoned wastes are considered among the worst environmental problems and a serious hazard to ecosystems and human health (Anawar 2015; Fields 2003; Hudson-Edwards et al. 2011). Tailing deposits generated from mining activities pose a potential risk for the soil and aquatic environments through the release of potentially toxic metal(loid)s occurring in a variety of minerals present in the tailings (Anawar 2015; Hudson-Edwards et al. 2011). Heavy metal(loid)s include both biologically essential (e.g., cobalt [Co], copper [Cu], chromium [Cr], manganese [Mn], and zinc [Zn]) and nonessential (e.g., arsenic [As], cadmium [Cd], lead [Pb], and mercury [Hg]) elements. The nonessential elements are highly toxic; however, at excessive concentrations, both groups are toxic to plants, animals, and/or humans (Adriano 2001; Alloway 1990)

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpoil to Soil
Subtitle of host publicationMine Site Rehabilitation and Revegetation
EditorsM.B Kirkham, Y.S Ok, Anitha Kunhikrishnan, N.S Bolan, Saikat Chowdhury, Jin Hee Park, Hyuck Soo Kim, Girish Choppala, Bhupinder Pal Singh, Won Il Kim
Place of PublicationAustralia
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages30
ISBN (Electronic)9781498767620
ISBN (Print)9781498767613
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes


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