Duplication and Diversification of the Apolipoprotein CI (APOCI) Genomic Segment in Association with Retroelements

E.M. Freitas, Silvana Gaudieri, W.J. Zhang, J.K. Kulski, Frank Van Bockxmeer, Frank Christiansen, R.L. Dawkins

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11 Citations (Scopus)


We have previously shown that several multicopy gene families within the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) arose from a process of segmental duplication. It has also been observed that retroelements play a role in generating diversity within these duplicated segments. The objective of this study was to compare the genomic organization of a gene duplication within another multicopy gene family outside the MHC. Using new continuous genomic sequence encompassing the APOE-CII gene cluster, we show that APOCI and its pseudogene, APOCI', are contained within large duplicated segments which include sequences from the hepatic control region (HCR). Flanking Alu sequences are observed at both ends of the duplicated unit, suggesting a possible role in the integration of these segments. As observed previously within the MHC, the major differences between the segments are the insertion of sequences (approximately 200-1000 bp in length), consisting predominantly of Alu sequences. Ancestral retroelements also contribute to the generation of sequence diversity between the segments, especially within the 3' poly(A) tract of Alu sequences. The exonic and regulatory sequences of the APOCI and HCR loci show limited sequence diversity, with exon 3 being an exception. Finally, the typing of pre- and postduplication Alus from both segments indicates an estimated time of duplication of approximately 37 million years ago (mya), some time prior to the separation of Old and New World monkeys.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-396
JournalJournal of Molecular Evolution
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2000


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