Double transition in a model of oscillating percolation

Sumanta Kundu, Amitava Datta, Subhrangshu Manna

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Two distinct transition points have been observed in a problem of lattice percolation studied using a system of pulsating disks. Sites on a regular lattice are occupied by circular disks whose radii vary sinusoidally within [0,R0] starting from a random distribution of phase angles. A lattice bond is said to be connected when its two end disks overlap with each other. Depending on the difference of the phase angles of these disks, a bond may be termed as dead or live. While a dead bond can never be connected, a live bond is connected at least once in a complete time period. Two different time scales can be associated with such a system, leading to two transition points. Namely, a percolation transition occurs at R0c=0.908(5) when a spanning cluster of connected bonds emerges in the system. Here, information propagates across the system instantly, i.e., with infinite speed. Secondly, there exists another transition point R∗0=0.5907(3) where the giant cluster of live bonds spans the lattice. In this case the information takes finite time to propagate across the system through the dynamical evolution of finite-size clusters. This passage time diverges as R0→R∗0 from above. Both the transitions exhibit the critical behavior of ordinary percolation transition. The entire scenario is robust with respect to the distribution of frequencies of the individual disks. This study may be relevant in the context of wireless sensor networks.
Original languageEnglish
Article number032126
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Review E
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 18 Sept 2017


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