The effectiveness of different mound types and mound heights for the establishment of Eucalyptus camaldulensis and E. largiflorens in the southwest of Western Australia was compared over two years. Double-ridge mounds (seedlings planted in a 0.5-0.9-m-wide trough between the ridges) gave the best survival (50%, averaged for both species, all mound heights and all study sites). In contrast, survival in standard mounds (0.1-m-wide trough) and single ridge mounds (no trough) was only 11% in each case. Survival tended to increase with increasing mound height. In the double-ridge mounds, the improvement was from 35% in 0.25-m-high mounds to 49-59% in 0.5-, 0.75- and 1.0-m-high mounds. There were no significant effects of mound type or mound height on tree height or crown volume index two years after planting.