In a randomized, double-blind, crossover trial of 5-week treatment period with placebo or rosuvastatin (10 or 40 mg/day) with 2-week placebo wash-outs between treatments, the dose-dependent effect of rosuvastatin on apolipoprotein (apo) B-100 kinetics in metabolic syndrome subjects were studied. Compared with placebo, there was a significant dose-dependent decrease with rosuvastatin in plasma cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, apoB and apoC-III concentrations and in the apoB/apoA-I ratio, lathosterol:cholesterol ratio, HDL cholesterol concentration and campesterol:cholesterol ratio also increased significantly. Rosuvastatin significantly increased the fractional catabolic rates (FCR) of very-low density lipoprotein (VLDL), intermediate density lipoprotein (IDL) and LDL-apoB and decreased the corresponding pool sizes, with evidence of a dose-related effect. LDL apoB production rate (PR) fell significantly with rosuvastatin 40 mg/day with no change in VLDL and IDL-apoB PR. Changes in triglycerides were significantly correlated with changes in VLDL apoB FCR and apoC-III concentration, and changes in lathosterol:cholesterol ratio were correlated with changes in LDL apoB FCR, the associations being more significant with the higher dose of rosuvastatin. In the metabolic syndrome, rosuvastatin decreases the plasma concentration of apoB-containing lipoproteins by a dose-dependent mechanism that increases their rates of catabolism. Higher dose rosuvastatin may also decrease LDL apoB production. The findings provide a dose-related mechanism for the benefits of rosuvastatin on cardiovascular disease in the metabolic syndrome.
|Publication status||Published - 2008|