Dominant Polar Surfaces of Colloidal II-VI Wurtzite Semiconductor Nanocrystals Enabled by Cation Exchange

Aixiang Wang, Wenjie Wang, Jiayi Chen, Rundong Mao, Yingping Pang, Yunguo Li, Wei Chen, Dechao Chen, Derek Hao, Bing Jie Ni, Martin Saunders, Guohua Jia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Polar surfaces of ionic crystals are of growing technological importance, with implications for the efficiency of photocatalysts, gas sensors, and electronic devices. The creation of ionic nanocrystals with high percentages of polar surfaces is an option for improving their efficiency in the aforementioned applications but is hard to accomplish because they are less thermodynamically stable and prone to vanish during the growth process. Herein, we develop a strategy that is capable of producing polar surface-dominated II-VI semiconductor nanocrystals, including ZnS and CdS, from copper sulfide hexagonal nanoplates through cation exchange reactions. The obtained wurtzite ZnS hexagonal nanoplates have dominant {002} polar surfaces, occupying up to 97.8% of all surfaces. Density functional theory calculations reveal the polar surfaces can be stabilized by a charge transfer of 0.25 eV/formula from the anion-terminated surface to the cation-terminated surface, which also explains the presence of polar surfaces in the initial Cu1.75S hexagonal nanoplates with cation deficiency prior to cation exchange reactions. Experimental results showed that the HER activity could be boosted by the surface polarization of polar surface-dominated ZnS hexagonal nanoplates. We anticipate this strategy is general and could be used with other systems to prepare nanocrystals with dominant polar surfaces. Furthermore, the availability of colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals with dominant polar surfaces produced through this strategy opens a new avenue for improving their efficiency in catalysis, photocatalysis, gas sensing, and other applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4990-4997
Number of pages8
JournalThe journal of physical chemistry letters
Volume11
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2020

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