I investigate three important questions that are under-researched. First, do state ownership and foreign ownership via qualified foreign institutional investors programs (QFIIs) influence the extent of voluntary related-party transactions disclosure? Second, do independent directors and professional supervisors of China's two-tier board system improve the extent of the voluntary disclosure? Third, does the positive disclosure tone promote the extent of the voluntary disclosure? Using a hand-collected data set comprising 1,118 firm-year observations, the results reveal that foreign ownership via QFIIs, the proportion of independent directors, disclosure tone, and firm age have a significantly positive impact on the extent of voluntary related-party transactions disclosure, whereas firm size is negatively correlated. Other factors including state ownership, the proportion of professional supervisors, firm performance, Chief Executive Officer (CEO) duality, Big 4 auditor, and the ratio of related-party transactions to total assets are found to have no impact. Three key implications can be drawn from this study. First, China should carry out and strengthen its privatization program and promote QFIIs. Second, the one-tier board system should be considered for implementation when privatization reform is achieved and the roles and duties of independent directors are emphasized by law. Third, Chinese accounting convergence practices should be continued.
|Number of pages||19|
|Journal||Journal of International Accounting, Auditing and Taxation|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2019|