DNA extraction method influences human milk bacterial profiles

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate four DNA extraction methods to elucidate the most effective method for bacterial DNA recovery from human milk (HM). Methods and Results: Human milk DNA was extracted using the following methods: (i) Qiagen MagAttract Microbial DNA Isolation Kit (kit QM), (ii) Norgen Milk Bacterial DNA Isolation Kit (kit NM), (iii) Qiagen MagAttract Microbiome DNA/RNA Isolation Kit (kit MM) and (iv) TRIzol LS Reagent (method LS). The full-length 16S rRNA gene was sequenced. Kits MM and method LS were unable to extract detectable levels of DNA in 9/11 samples. Detectable levels of DNA were recovered from all samples using kits NM (mean = 0·68 ng μl−1) and QM (mean = 0·55 ng μl−1). For kits NM and QM, the greatest number of reads were associated with Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus vestibularis, Propionibacterium acnes, Veillonella dispar and Rothia mucilaginosa. Contamination profiles varied substantially between kits, with one bacterial species detected in negative extraction controls generated with kit QM and six with kit NM. Conclusions: Kit QM is the most suitable of the kits tested for the extraction of bacterial DNA from human milk. Significance and Impact of the Study: Choice of extraction method impacts the efficiency of bacterial DNA extraction from human milk and the resultant bacterial community profiles generated from these samples.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Applied Microbiology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Jul 2020

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