Distribution of astigmatism in the adult population

A M McKendrick, N A Brennan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


We have quantified statistically the astigmatic frequency distribution. Vectorial analysis was used, as it enables formal multivariate statistical techniques to be applied to astigmatic data, allowing the simultaneous inclusion of both modulus and axis in the analytical procedure. These methods were applied to population data for each of total, corneal, and residual astigmatism from a sample of 198 adults. Right and left eyes were analyzed separately. All the distributions were found to depart significantly from a normal distribution. All the distributions were significantly leptokurtic (p < 0.005), and the distributions of total right eye, corneal right eye, and residual left eye astigmatism were also found to be significantly skewed (p < 0.05). Significant mild correlations were found between total and corneal astigmatism (p < 0.05). These findings add to the database of knowledge of astigmatic refractive error and may be of interest to those investigating refractive-error development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-14
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America A
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1996
Externally publishedYes


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