Distinguishing benign from pathologic TH2 immunity in atopic children

Patrick Holt, Deborah Strickland, Anthony Bosco, D. Belgrave, Belinda Hales, A. Simpson, Elysia Hollams, B. Holt, Merci Kusel, S. Ahlstedt, P.D. Sly, A. Custovic

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33 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

© 2015 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Background Although most children with asthma and rhinitis are sensitized to aeroallergens, only a minority of sensitized children are symptomatic, implying the underlying operation of efficient anti-inflammatory control mechanisms. Objective We sought to identify endogenous control mechanisms that attenuate expression of IgE-associated responsiveness to aeroallergens in sensitized children. Methods In 3 independent population samples we analyzed relationships between aeroallergen-specific IgE and corresponding allergen-specific IgG (sIgG) and associated immunophenotypes in atopic children and susceptibility to asthma and rhinitis, focusing on responses to house dust mite and grass. Results Among mite-sensitized children across all populations and at different ages, house dust mite-specific IgG/IgE ratios (but not IgG4/IgE ratios) were significantly lower in children with asthma compared with ratios in those without asthma and lowest among the most severely symptomatic. This finding was mirrored by relationships between rhinitis and antibody responses to grass. Depending on age/allergen specificity, 20% to 40% of children with allergen-specific IgE (sIgE) of 0.35 kU/L or greater had negative skin test responses, and these children also expressed the high sIgG/sIgE immunophenotype. sIgG1 from these children inhibited allergen-induced IgE-dependent basophil activation in a dose-dependent fashion. Profiling of aeroallergen-specific CD4+ TH memory responses revealed positive associations between sIgG/sIgE ratios and IL-10-dependent gene signatures and significantly higher IL-10/TH2 cytokine (protein) ratios among nonsymptomatic children. Conclusion In addition to its role in blocking TH2 effector activation in the late-phase allergic response, IL-10 is a known IgG1 switch factor. We posit that its production during allergen-induced memory responses contributes significantly to attenuation of inflammation through promoting IgG1-mediated damping of the FceRI-depe
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-387
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume137
Issue number2
Early online date15 Oct 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016

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