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Background: Sedentary behaviour is associated with impaired cognition, whereas exercise can acutely improve cognition. Objective: We compared the effects of a morning bout of moderate-intensity exercise, with and without subsequent light-intensity walking breaks from sitting, on cognition in older adults. Methods: Sedentary overweight/obese older adults with normal cognitive function (n=67, 67±7 years, 31.2±4.1 kg/m 2 ) completed three conditions (6-day washout): SIT (sitting): uninterrupted sitting (8 hours, control); EX+SIT (exercise + sitting): sitting (1 hour), moderate-intensity walking (30 min), uninterrupted sitting (6.5 hours); and EX+BR (exercise + breaks): sitting (1 hour), moderate-intensity walking (30 min), sitting interrupted every 30 min with 3 min of light-intensity walking (6.5 hours). Cognitive testing (Cogstate) was completed at four time points assessing psychomotor function, attention, executive function, visual learning and working memory. Serum brain-derived neurotrophic growth factor (BDNF) was assessed at six time points. The 8-hour net area under the curve (AUC) was calculated for each outcome. Results: Working memory net AUC z-score·hour (95% CI) was improved in EX+BR with a z-score of +28 ('26 to +81), relative to SIT, '25 ('79 to +29, p=0.04 vs EX+BR). Executive function net AUC was improved in EX+SIT, '8 (' 71 to +55), relative to SIT, '80 ('142 to '17, p=0.03 vs EX+SIT). Serum BDNF net AUC ng/mL·hour (95% CI) was increased in both EX+SIT, +171 ('449 to +791, p=0.03 vs SIT), and EX+BR, +139 ('481 to +759, p=0.045 vs SIT), relative to SIT, '227 ('851 to +396). Conclusion: A morning bout of moderate-intensity exercise improves serum BDNF and working memory or executive function in older adults, depending on whether or not subsequent sitting is also interrupted with intermittent light-intensity walking. Trial registration number: ACTRN12614000737639.
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- 2 Finished
Taking a Break for Brain Health: Interacting Effects of Exercise Bouts with Breaks in Sitting Time on Cognitive and Cerebrovascular Function in Overweight Adults
Dunstan, D., Green, D., Ellis, K. & Cerin, E.
1/01/14 → 31/12/17