Dispersion polymerization of poly(dimethylsiloxane)-stabilized polymer particles from radical dispersion polymerization in nonpolar solvent: Influence of stabilizer properties and monomer type

Alexandre P. Richez, Louise Farrand, Mark Goulding, Jonathan H. Wilson, Simon Lawson, Simon Biggs, Olivier J. Cayre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Particles used in electrophoretic display applications (EPD) must possess a number of specific properties ranging from stability in a nonaqueous solvent, high reflectivity, low polydispersity, and high charge density to name but a few. The manufacture of such particles is best carried out in the solvent of choice for the EPD. This opens up new interests in the study of nonaqueous dispersion polymerization methods, which deliver polymer particles suspended in low dielectric constant solvents. We explore in this article the use of a poly(dimethylsiloxane) macromonomer for the stabilization of poly(methyl methacrylate) polymer particles in dodecane, a typical solvent of choice for EPDs. The use of this stabilizer is significant for this method as it is directly soluble in the reaction medium as opposed to traditionally used poly(12-hydroxystearic acid)-based stabilizers. Additionally, the present study serves as a baseline for subsequent work, where nonaqueous dispersion polymerization will be used to create polymer particles encapsulating liquid droplets and solid pigment particles. In this article, the influence of the macromonomer molecular weight and concentration on the properties of the synthesized particles is studied. In addition, we investigate the possibility of synthesizing polymer particles from other monomers both as a comonomer for methyl methacrylate and as the only monomer in the process. The influence of macromonomer concentration is also studied throughout all experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1220-1228
Number of pages9
JournalLangmuir
Volume30
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

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