Disentangling the response of fishes to recreational fishing over 30 years within a fringing coral reef reserve network

A. K. Cresswell, T. J. Langlois, S. K. Wilson, Joachim Claudet, Damian P. Thomson, M. Renton, C. J. Fulton, R. Fisher, M. A. Vanderklift, R. C. Babcock, R. D. Stuart-Smith, Michael D.E. Haywood, M. Depczynski, Mark B. Westera, Anthony M. Ayling, B. Fitzpatrick, A. R. Halford, D. L. McLean, R. D. Pillans, A. J. Cheal & 5 others P. Tinkler, G. J. Edgar, N. A.J. Graham, E. S. Harvey, T. H. Holmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Few studies assess the effects of recreational fishing in isolation from commercial fishing. We used meta-analysis to synthesise 4444 samples from 30 years (1987–2017) of fish surveys inside and outside a large network of highly protected reserves in the Ningaloo Marine Park, Western Australia, where the major fishing activity is recreational. Data were collected by different agencies, using varied survey designs and sampling methods. We contrasted the relative abundance and biomass of target and non-target fish groups between fished and reserve locations. We considered the influence of, and possible interactions between, seven additional variables: age and size of reserve, one of two reserve network configurations, reef habitat type, recreational fishing activity, shore-based fishing regulations and survey method. Taxa responded differently: the abundance and biomass inside reserves relative to outside was higher for targeted lethrinids, while other targeted (and non-targeted) fish groups were indistinguishable. Reef habitat was important for explaining lethrinid response to protection, and this factor interacted with reserve size, such that larger reserves were demonstrably more effective in the back reef and lagoon habitats. There was little evidence of changes in relative abundance and biomass of fishes with reserve age, or after rezoning and expansion of the reserve network. Our study demonstrates the complexities in quantifying fishing effects, highlighting some of the key factors and interactions that likely underlie the varied results in reserve assessments that should be considered in future reserve design and assessment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)514-524
Number of pages11
JournalBiological Conservation
Volume237
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019

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reserve networks
fringing reef
sport fishing
coral reefs
coral reef
fishing
reefs
fish
biomass
reef
habitats
relative abundance
meta-analysis
Western Australia
reserve design
survey design
recreational activity
survey method
marine park
fisheries

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Cresswell, A. K. ; Langlois, T. J. ; Wilson, S. K. ; Claudet, Joachim ; Thomson, Damian P. ; Renton, M. ; Fulton, C. J. ; Fisher, R. ; Vanderklift, M. A. ; Babcock, R. C. ; Stuart-Smith, R. D. ; Haywood, Michael D.E. ; Depczynski, M. ; Westera, Mark B. ; Ayling, Anthony M. ; Fitzpatrick, B. ; Halford, A. R. ; McLean, D. L. ; Pillans, R. D. ; Cheal, A. J. ; Tinkler, P. ; Edgar, G. J. ; Graham, N. A.J. ; Harvey, E. S. ; Holmes, T. H. / Disentangling the response of fishes to recreational fishing over 30 years within a fringing coral reef reserve network. In: Biological Conservation. 2019 ; Vol. 237. pp. 514-524.
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abstract = "Few studies assess the effects of recreational fishing in isolation from commercial fishing. We used meta-analysis to synthesise 4444 samples from 30 years (1987–2017) of fish surveys inside and outside a large network of highly protected reserves in the Ningaloo Marine Park, Western Australia, where the major fishing activity is recreational. Data were collected by different agencies, using varied survey designs and sampling methods. We contrasted the relative abundance and biomass of target and non-target fish groups between fished and reserve locations. We considered the influence of, and possible interactions between, seven additional variables: age and size of reserve, one of two reserve network configurations, reef habitat type, recreational fishing activity, shore-based fishing regulations and survey method. Taxa responded differently: the abundance and biomass inside reserves relative to outside was higher for targeted lethrinids, while other targeted (and non-targeted) fish groups were indistinguishable. Reef habitat was important for explaining lethrinid response to protection, and this factor interacted with reserve size, such that larger reserves were demonstrably more effective in the back reef and lagoon habitats. There was little evidence of changes in relative abundance and biomass of fishes with reserve age, or after rezoning and expansion of the reserve network. Our study demonstrates the complexities in quantifying fishing effects, highlighting some of the key factors and interactions that likely underlie the varied results in reserve assessments that should be considered in future reserve design and assessment.",
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Cresswell, AK, Langlois, TJ, Wilson, SK, Claudet, J, Thomson, DP, Renton, M, Fulton, CJ, Fisher, R, Vanderklift, MA, Babcock, RC, Stuart-Smith, RD, Haywood, MDE, Depczynski, M, Westera, MB, Ayling, AM, Fitzpatrick, B, Halford, AR, McLean, DL, Pillans, RD, Cheal, AJ, Tinkler, P, Edgar, GJ, Graham, NAJ, Harvey, ES & Holmes, TH 2019, 'Disentangling the response of fishes to recreational fishing over 30 years within a fringing coral reef reserve network' Biological Conservation, vol. 237, pp. 514-524. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.06.023

Disentangling the response of fishes to recreational fishing over 30 years within a fringing coral reef reserve network. / Cresswell, A. K.; Langlois, T. J.; Wilson, S. K.; Claudet, Joachim; Thomson, Damian P.; Renton, M.; Fulton, C. J.; Fisher, R.; Vanderklift, M. A.; Babcock, R. C.; Stuart-Smith, R. D.; Haywood, Michael D.E.; Depczynski, M.; Westera, Mark B.; Ayling, Anthony M.; Fitzpatrick, B.; Halford, A. R.; McLean, D. L.; Pillans, R. D.; Cheal, A. J.; Tinkler, P.; Edgar, G. J.; Graham, N. A.J.; Harvey, E. S.; Holmes, T. H.

In: Biological Conservation, Vol. 237, 01.09.2019, p. 514-524.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Disentangling the response of fishes to recreational fishing over 30 years within a fringing coral reef reserve network

AU - Cresswell, A. K.

AU - Langlois, T. J.

AU - Wilson, S. K.

AU - Claudet, Joachim

AU - Thomson, Damian P.

AU - Renton, M.

AU - Fulton, C. J.

AU - Fisher, R.

AU - Vanderklift, M. A.

AU - Babcock, R. C.

AU - Stuart-Smith, R. D.

AU - Haywood, Michael D.E.

AU - Depczynski, M.

AU - Westera, Mark B.

AU - Ayling, Anthony M.

AU - Fitzpatrick, B.

AU - Halford, A. R.

AU - McLean, D. L.

AU - Pillans, R. D.

AU - Cheal, A. J.

AU - Tinkler, P.

AU - Edgar, G. J.

AU - Graham, N. A.J.

AU - Harvey, E. S.

AU - Holmes, T. H.

PY - 2019/9/1

Y1 - 2019/9/1

N2 - Few studies assess the effects of recreational fishing in isolation from commercial fishing. We used meta-analysis to synthesise 4444 samples from 30 years (1987–2017) of fish surveys inside and outside a large network of highly protected reserves in the Ningaloo Marine Park, Western Australia, where the major fishing activity is recreational. Data were collected by different agencies, using varied survey designs and sampling methods. We contrasted the relative abundance and biomass of target and non-target fish groups between fished and reserve locations. We considered the influence of, and possible interactions between, seven additional variables: age and size of reserve, one of two reserve network configurations, reef habitat type, recreational fishing activity, shore-based fishing regulations and survey method. Taxa responded differently: the abundance and biomass inside reserves relative to outside was higher for targeted lethrinids, while other targeted (and non-targeted) fish groups were indistinguishable. Reef habitat was important for explaining lethrinid response to protection, and this factor interacted with reserve size, such that larger reserves were demonstrably more effective in the back reef and lagoon habitats. There was little evidence of changes in relative abundance and biomass of fishes with reserve age, or after rezoning and expansion of the reserve network. Our study demonstrates the complexities in quantifying fishing effects, highlighting some of the key factors and interactions that likely underlie the varied results in reserve assessments that should be considered in future reserve design and assessment.

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KW - Adaptive management

KW - Coral reef

KW - Fisheries

KW - Lethrinus

KW - Marine protected area

KW - MPA

KW - Ningaloo

KW - Recreational fishing

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DO - 10.1016/j.biocon.2019.06.023

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