Discovery and characterisation of a new insect-specific bunyavirus from Culex mosquitoes captured in northern Australia

J. Hobson-Peters, D. Warrilow, B.J. Mclean, D. Watterson, A.M.G. Colmant, A.F. Van Den Hurk, S. Hall-Mendelin, M.L. Hastie, J.J. Gorman, J.J. Harrison, N.A. Prow, R.T. Barnard, Richard Allcock, C.A. Johansen, R.A. Hall

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    Abstract

    © 2016 Elsevier Inc. Insect-specific viruses belonging to significant arboviral families have recently been discovered. These viruses appear to be maintained within the insect population without the requirement for replication in a vertebrate host. Mosquitoes collected from Badu Island in the Torres Strait in 2003 were analysed for insect-specific viruses. A novel bunyavirus was isolated in high prevalence from Culex spp. The new virus, provisionally called Badu virus (BADUV), replicated in mosquito cells of both Culex and Aedes origin, but failed to replicate in vertebrate cells. Genomic sequencing revealed that the virus was distinct from sequenced bunyavirus isolates reported to date, but phylogenetically clustered most closely with recently discovered mosquito-borne, insect-specific bunyaviruses in the newly proposed Goukovirus genus. The detection of a functional furin cleavage motif upstream of the two glycoproteins in the M segment-encoded polyprotein suggests that BADUV may employ a unique strategy to process the virion glycoproteins.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)269-281
    JournalVirology
    Volume489
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016

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    Hobson-Peters, J., Warrilow, D., Mclean, B. J., Watterson, D., Colmant, A. M. G., Van Den Hurk, A. F., Hall-Mendelin, S., Hastie, M. L., Gorman, J. J., Harrison, J. J., Prow, N. A., Barnard, R. T., Allcock, R., Johansen, C. A., & Hall, R. A. (2016). Discovery and characterisation of a new insect-specific bunyavirus from Culex mosquitoes captured in northern Australia. Virology, 489, 269-281. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2015.11.003