Twenty-four male fast bowlers of mean age 13.7 years, who bowled competitively at a school and club level were selected from five Western Australian schools. At the time of the testing all bowlers, who were bowling completely freely, underwent magnetic resonance imaging to detect the presence of intervertebral disc abnormalities. While these radiological data were being analysed, the players were filmed both laterally (200 Hz) and from directly above (100 Hz) as their front foot impacted a force platform during the delivery stride of the fast bowling action. In addition these bowlers performed selected physical capacity tests. The occurrence of abnormal radiological data were then used to group the bowlers (group 1, no abnormal features; group 2, disc degeneration and/or bulging on scan). A Mann-Whitney U rank test was then used to identify any significant differences (P <0.1) between the groups for all dependent variables. Five of the subjects recorded abnormal magnetic resonance imaging scans of the lumbar spine, while nineteen recorded normal intervertebral discs, normal alignment of the lumbar spine, and no sign of spondylolisthesis. Bowlers who rotated the trunk to realign the shoulders to a more side-on position between back foot impact and front foot impact in the delivery stride were more likely to record abnormal intervertebral disc features.
Elliott, B., Davis, J., Khangure, M., Hardcastle, P., & Foster, D. (1993). Disc degeneration and the young fast bowler in cricket. Clinical Biomechanics, 8(5), 227-234. https://doi.org/10.1016/0268-0033(93)90030-L