Barium zirconate titanate Ba(ZryTi1−y)O3 (BZT, y = 0.2, 0.25, 0.30, 0.35) ceramics have been prepared by a sol–gel process. The temperature dependence of dielectric permittivity of the ceramics has been investigated. The results show that the phase transition temperature TC (or Tm) is suppressed with increasing Zr content. The degree of diffuseness of the phase transition is more pronounced for higher Zr content, implying the existence of a composition-induced diffuse phase transition of the ceramics with 0.20 y 0.35. For BZT ceramics with y > 0.25, a relaxor ferroelectric characteristic is observed. High tunability and figure of merit are obtained in BZT compositions investigated, which imply that these ceramics are promising materials for tunable capacitor applications.
Tang, X. G., Chew, K-H., & Chan, H. L. W. (2004). Diffuse phase transition and dielectric tunability of Ba(ZryTi1−y)O3 relaxor ferroelectric ceramics. Acta Materialia, 52(17), 5177-5183. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2004.07.028