CD117 is a cytokine receptor expressed on the surface of hematopoietic stem cells with a likely role in cell survival, proliferation and differentiation. In order to study the differentiation activity of porcine CD117 hematopoietic cells in vitro and in vivo we prepared an anti-swine CD117 Mab (2A1) with high specificity for flow-cytometrical analysis. The 2A1 Mab did not recognize mouse or human mast cells suggesting that 2A1 is species-specific. Swine bone marrow (BM) CD117+ cells differentiated in vitro mainly into erythroid and monocyte lineages in the methylcellulose-based colony assay. When the swine BM CD117+ cells were transplanted in vivo into immunodeficient NOG (NOD/SCID/IL-2γcnull) mice, a significant amount of swine CD45+ leukocytes, including CD3 positive T cells, were developed in the mice. These results revealed that the swine BM CD117+ cells possess hematopoietic stem/progenitor activity and when monitored in immunodeficient mice or in vitro they can develop into lymphoid, erythroid, and myeloid cells efficiently with the new monoclonal antibody.