Differential Uptake, Partitioning and Transfer of Cd and Zn in the Soil - Pea Plant - Aphid System

I.D. Green, Mark Tibbett

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    32 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The biomagnification of trace metals during transfer from contaminated soil to higher trophic levels may potentially result in the exposure of predatory arthropods to toxic concentrations of these elements. This study examined the transfer of Cd and Zn in a soil-plant-arthropod system grown in series of field plots that had received two annual applications of municipal biosolids with elevated levels of Cd and Zn. Results showed that biosolids amendment significantly increased the concentration of Cd in the soil and the shoots of pea plants and the concentration of Zn in the soil, pea roots, shoots, and pods. In addition, the ratio of Cd to Zn concentration showed that Zn was preferentially transferred compared to Cd through all parts of the system. As a consequence, Zn was biomagnified by the system whereas Cd was biominimized. Cd and Zn are considered to exhibit similar behaviors in biological systems. However, the Cd/Zn ratios demonstrated that in this system, Cd is much less labile in the root-shoot-pod and shoot-aphid pathways than Zn.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)450-455
    JournalEnvironmental Science & Technology
    Volume42
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

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