Plant tolerance to aluminum (Al) toxicity can be enhanced by an ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungus through biological filtering or physical blockage. To understand the roles of ECM colonization in Al absorption with regard to Al tolerance, Pinus massoniana seedlings were inoculated with either Lactarius deliciosus (L.:Fr.) Gray isolate 2 or Pisolithus tinctorius (Pers.) Coker et Couch isolate 715 and cultivated in an acid yellow soil with or without 1.0 mM Al3+ irrigation for 10 weeks. Biomass production, Al bioaccumulation and transport in seedlings colonized by the two ECM fungi were compared, and the three absorption kinetics (pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order and intraparticle diffusion) models used to evaluate variances in root Al3+ absorption capacity. Results show that both fungi increased aboveground biomass and Al tolerance of P. massoniana seedlings, but L. deliciosus 2 was more effective than P. tinctorius 715. Lower Al absorption capacity, fewer available active sites and decreased affinity and boundary layer thickness for Al3+, and higher Al accumulation and translocation contributed to the increased Al tolerance in the ECM-inoculated seedlings. These results advance our understanding of the mechanisms and strategies in plant Al-tolerance conferred by ECM fungi and show that inoculation with L. deliciosus will better enhance Al tolerance in P. massoniana seedlings used for forest plantation and ecosystem restoration in acidic soils, particularly in Southwest China and similar soils worldwide.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Forestry Research|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 2 Jan 2023|