Differences in the uptake of iron from Fe(II) ascorbate and Fe(III) citrate by IEC-6 cells and the involvement of ferroportin/IREG-1/MTP-1/SLC40A1

Carla Thomas, Phillip Oates

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dietary iron is present in the intestine as Fe(II) and Fe(III). Since enterocytes take up Fe(II) by the divalent metal transporter (DMT1), Fe(III) must be reduced. Whether other Fe(III) transport processes are present is unknown. Release of iron from the enterocyte into the plasma involves the iron-regulated transporter-1/metal transporter protein-1 (IREG-1/MTP-1, ferroportin) but ferroportin is also found on the apical membrane. We compared the uptake of iron from Fe(II):ascorbate and Fe(III):citrate using the rat intestinal enterocyte cell line-6 (IEC-6), in the presence of ferrous chelators, a blocking antibody to ferroportin, at different pH and during the over-expression of DMT1. Firstly, surface ferrireduction was absent. Secondly, blocking ferroportin partly and totally reduced Fe(II) and Fe(III) uptake, respectively. Thirdly, optimal Fe(II) uptake occurred at pH5.5 but Fe(III) uptake was unaffected by pH and, fourthly, over-expression of DMT1 increased uptake of Fe(II) and Fe(III). This indicates that an increased extracellular H+ concentration facilitates DMT1-mediated Fe(II) uptake at the cell membrane. However, since Fe(III) uptake required DMT1, but not cell surface ferrireduction, and was independent of variations in extracellular pH, it appears that Fe(III) is internalised before ferrireduction and transport by DMT1. Ferroportin may function as a modulator of DMT1 activity and play a role in Fe(III) uptake, possibly by affecting the number or affinity of citrate binding sites.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)431-437
JournalPflugers Archiv-European Journal of Physiology
Volume448
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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Enterocytes
Citric Acid
Iron
Cell Line
Metals
Dietary Iron
Blocking Antibodies
Cell membranes
Chelating Agents
Modulators
Intestines
Rats
Binding Sites
Cells
Cell Membrane
metal transporting protein 1
Membranes
Plasmas
Proteins

Cite this

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title = "Differences in the uptake of iron from Fe(II) ascorbate and Fe(III) citrate by IEC-6 cells and the involvement of ferroportin/IREG-1/MTP-1/SLC40A1",
abstract = "Dietary iron is present in the intestine as Fe(II) and Fe(III). Since enterocytes take up Fe(II) by the divalent metal transporter (DMT1), Fe(III) must be reduced. Whether other Fe(III) transport processes are present is unknown. Release of iron from the enterocyte into the plasma involves the iron-regulated transporter-1/metal transporter protein-1 (IREG-1/MTP-1, ferroportin) but ferroportin is also found on the apical membrane. We compared the uptake of iron from Fe(II):ascorbate and Fe(III):citrate using the rat intestinal enterocyte cell line-6 (IEC-6), in the presence of ferrous chelators, a blocking antibody to ferroportin, at different pH and during the over-expression of DMT1. Firstly, surface ferrireduction was absent. Secondly, blocking ferroportin partly and totally reduced Fe(II) and Fe(III) uptake, respectively. Thirdly, optimal Fe(II) uptake occurred at pH5.5 but Fe(III) uptake was unaffected by pH and, fourthly, over-expression of DMT1 increased uptake of Fe(II) and Fe(III). This indicates that an increased extracellular H+ concentration facilitates DMT1-mediated Fe(II) uptake at the cell membrane. However, since Fe(III) uptake required DMT1, but not cell surface ferrireduction, and was independent of variations in extracellular pH, it appears that Fe(III) is internalised before ferrireduction and transport by DMT1. Ferroportin may function as a modulator of DMT1 activity and play a role in Fe(III) uptake, possibly by affecting the number or affinity of citrate binding sites.",
author = "Carla Thomas and Phillip Oates",
year = "2004",
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journal = "Pflugers Archiv-European Journal of Physiology",
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T1 - Differences in the uptake of iron from Fe(II) ascorbate and Fe(III) citrate by IEC-6 cells and the involvement of ferroportin/IREG-1/MTP-1/SLC40A1

AU - Thomas, Carla

AU - Oates, Phillip

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - Dietary iron is present in the intestine as Fe(II) and Fe(III). Since enterocytes take up Fe(II) by the divalent metal transporter (DMT1), Fe(III) must be reduced. Whether other Fe(III) transport processes are present is unknown. Release of iron from the enterocyte into the plasma involves the iron-regulated transporter-1/metal transporter protein-1 (IREG-1/MTP-1, ferroportin) but ferroportin is also found on the apical membrane. We compared the uptake of iron from Fe(II):ascorbate and Fe(III):citrate using the rat intestinal enterocyte cell line-6 (IEC-6), in the presence of ferrous chelators, a blocking antibody to ferroportin, at different pH and during the over-expression of DMT1. Firstly, surface ferrireduction was absent. Secondly, blocking ferroportin partly and totally reduced Fe(II) and Fe(III) uptake, respectively. Thirdly, optimal Fe(II) uptake occurred at pH5.5 but Fe(III) uptake was unaffected by pH and, fourthly, over-expression of DMT1 increased uptake of Fe(II) and Fe(III). This indicates that an increased extracellular H+ concentration facilitates DMT1-mediated Fe(II) uptake at the cell membrane. However, since Fe(III) uptake required DMT1, but not cell surface ferrireduction, and was independent of variations in extracellular pH, it appears that Fe(III) is internalised before ferrireduction and transport by DMT1. Ferroportin may function as a modulator of DMT1 activity and play a role in Fe(III) uptake, possibly by affecting the number or affinity of citrate binding sites.

AB - Dietary iron is present in the intestine as Fe(II) and Fe(III). Since enterocytes take up Fe(II) by the divalent metal transporter (DMT1), Fe(III) must be reduced. Whether other Fe(III) transport processes are present is unknown. Release of iron from the enterocyte into the plasma involves the iron-regulated transporter-1/metal transporter protein-1 (IREG-1/MTP-1, ferroportin) but ferroportin is also found on the apical membrane. We compared the uptake of iron from Fe(II):ascorbate and Fe(III):citrate using the rat intestinal enterocyte cell line-6 (IEC-6), in the presence of ferrous chelators, a blocking antibody to ferroportin, at different pH and during the over-expression of DMT1. Firstly, surface ferrireduction was absent. Secondly, blocking ferroportin partly and totally reduced Fe(II) and Fe(III) uptake, respectively. Thirdly, optimal Fe(II) uptake occurred at pH5.5 but Fe(III) uptake was unaffected by pH and, fourthly, over-expression of DMT1 increased uptake of Fe(II) and Fe(III). This indicates that an increased extracellular H+ concentration facilitates DMT1-mediated Fe(II) uptake at the cell membrane. However, since Fe(III) uptake required DMT1, but not cell surface ferrireduction, and was independent of variations in extracellular pH, it appears that Fe(III) is internalised before ferrireduction and transport by DMT1. Ferroportin may function as a modulator of DMT1 activity and play a role in Fe(III) uptake, possibly by affecting the number or affinity of citrate binding sites.

M3 - Article

VL - 448

SP - 431

EP - 437

JO - Pflugers Archiv-European Journal of Physiology

JF - Pflugers Archiv-European Journal of Physiology

SN - 0031-6768

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