Dietary flavinoids and nitrate: effects on nitric oxide and vascular function

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Citations (Scopus)
560 Downloads (Pure)


Emerging evidence highlights dietary flavonoids and nitrate as candidates that may explain at least part of the cardioprotective effect of a fruit and vegetable diet. Nitric oxide plays a pivotal role in cardiovascular health. Components of a fruit and vegetable diet that are cardioprotective, in part through effects on nitric oxide status, could substantially reduce the cardiovascular risk profile of the general population with increased intake of such a diet. Epidemiological evidence suggests that dietary flavonoids and nitrate have a cardioprotective effect. Clinical trials with flavonoid- and nitrate-rich foods have shown benefits on measures of vascular health. While the molecular mechanisms by which flavonoids and nitrate are cardioprotective are not completely understood, recent evidence suggests both nonspecific and specific effects through nitric oxide pathways. This review presents an overview of nitric oxide and its key role in cardiovascular health and discusses the possible vascular benefits of flavonoids and nitrate, individually and in combination, through effects on nitric oxide status.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)216-235
JournalNutrition Reviews
Issue number4
Early online date24 Mar 2015
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015


Dive into the research topics of 'Dietary flavinoids and nitrate: effects on nitric oxide and vascular function'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this