Dietary fish oils increase serum lipids in insulin-dependent diabetics compared with healthy controls

T A Mori, R Vandongen, J R Masarei, K G Stanton, D Dunbar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of daily dietary supplementation with fish oil on serum lipids and platelet total phospholipid fatty acids was examined in male normolipidemic insulin-dependent diabetics and normal controls. They were given 15 g/d of fish oil as Max EPA (equivalent to 2.7 g/d of eicosapentaenoic acid) for 3 weeks. The diabetics showed a rise in total cholesterol, attributable to increases in LDL- and HDL-cholesterol. The increase in HDL-cholesterol was largely due to a rise in its HDL2 subclass. There was also a decrease in triglycerides in both groups. Similar changes in lipids were seen in the normal controls, although these were not significant. The more pronounced effect in diabetics suggests an altered metabolic response to omega-3 fatty acids in that disorder. However, the results indicate that the possible detrimental effect of the rise in total and LDL-cholesterol following fish oil may be offset by the increase in the protective HDL2 subclass.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)404-9
Number of pages6
JournalMetabolism: clinical and experimental
Volume38
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1989

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Unsaturated Dietary Fats
Fish Oils
Insulin
Lipids
LDL Cholesterol
HDL Cholesterol
Serum
Eicosapentaenoic Acid
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Dietary Supplements
Phospholipids
Triglycerides
Fatty Acids
Blood Platelets
Cholesterol

Cite this

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abstract = "The effect of daily dietary supplementation with fish oil on serum lipids and platelet total phospholipid fatty acids was examined in male normolipidemic insulin-dependent diabetics and normal controls. They were given 15 g/d of fish oil as Max EPA (equivalent to 2.7 g/d of eicosapentaenoic acid) for 3 weeks. The diabetics showed a rise in total cholesterol, attributable to increases in LDL- and HDL-cholesterol. The increase in HDL-cholesterol was largely due to a rise in its HDL2 subclass. There was also a decrease in triglycerides in both groups. Similar changes in lipids were seen in the normal controls, although these were not significant. The more pronounced effect in diabetics suggests an altered metabolic response to omega-3 fatty acids in that disorder. However, the results indicate that the possible detrimental effect of the rise in total and LDL-cholesterol following fish oil may be offset by the increase in the protective HDL2 subclass.",
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Dietary fish oils increase serum lipids in insulin-dependent diabetics compared with healthy controls. / Mori, T A; Vandongen, R; Masarei, J R; Stanton, K G; Dunbar, D.

In: Metabolism: clinical and experimental, Vol. 38, No. 5, 05.1989, p. 404-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Dietary fish oils increase serum lipids in insulin-dependent diabetics compared with healthy controls

AU - Mori, T A

AU - Vandongen, R

AU - Masarei, J R

AU - Stanton, K G

AU - Dunbar, D

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AB - The effect of daily dietary supplementation with fish oil on serum lipids and platelet total phospholipid fatty acids was examined in male normolipidemic insulin-dependent diabetics and normal controls. They were given 15 g/d of fish oil as Max EPA (equivalent to 2.7 g/d of eicosapentaenoic acid) for 3 weeks. The diabetics showed a rise in total cholesterol, attributable to increases in LDL- and HDL-cholesterol. The increase in HDL-cholesterol was largely due to a rise in its HDL2 subclass. There was also a decrease in triglycerides in both groups. Similar changes in lipids were seen in the normal controls, although these were not significant. The more pronounced effect in diabetics suggests an altered metabolic response to omega-3 fatty acids in that disorder. However, the results indicate that the possible detrimental effect of the rise in total and LDL-cholesterol following fish oil may be offset by the increase in the protective HDL2 subclass.

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