Diagnosis of environmental controls on daily actual evapotranspiration across a global flux tower network: The roles of water and energy

Qiong Han, Qin Liu, Tiejun Wang, Lichun Wang, Chongli Di, Xi Chen, Keith Smettem, Shailesh Kumar Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Relative contributions from environmental factors to daily actual evapotranspiration (ETa) across a variety of climate zones is a widely open research question, especially regarding the roles played by soil water content ((SWC); water supply) and net radiation ((Rn); energy supply) in controlling ETa. Here, the boosted regression tree method scheme was employed to quantify environmental controls on daily ETa using the global FLUXNET dataset. Similar to the general trend suggested by the Budyko theory at annual scales, the results showed that the relative control of SWC on daily ETa increased with increasing aridity index (Φ); however, Rn played a major role at most FLUXNET sites (roughly Φ < 4), indicating that Rn could be a leading control on daily ETa even at water-limited sites. The variability in the relative controls of SWC and Rn also partly depended on factors affecting water availability for daily ETa (e.g. vegetation characteristics and groundwater depth). Our study showed that other than SWC and Rn, the net effect of environmental controls (particularly leaf area index) on daily ETa was more important at drier sites than at relatively humid sites. This suggests that near-surface hydrological processes are more sensitive to vegetation variations due to their ability to extract deep soil water and enhance ETa, especially under arid and semi-arid climatic conditions. Our findings illustrate how environmental controls on daily ETa change as the climate dries, which has important implications for many scientific disciplines including hydrological, climatic, and agricultural studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number124070
JournalEnvironmental Research Letters
Volume15
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

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