Diabetes mellitus and hypertension in rural-rural migrants in south india

Venkata Ranga Rao Kodali, K. G.M.M. Alberti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We conducted a survey to detect diabetes and hypertension in 4 villages and 5 adjacent camps in Raichur district, Karnataka state in South India where two heterogenous populations co-exist; the indigenous population and migrants who originally came from villages in Andhra Pradesh state. The staple diets of these populations differ: migrants consume rice while the indigenous populations consume millets. Diabetes was confirmed by blood glucose testing. Blood pressure was recorded using a mercury sphygmomanometer. In adults above the age of 30 years the prevalence of diabetes mellitus was significantly higher in the rural-rural migrants (9.1%; n = 529) than the indigenous population (2.2%; n = 765), (x2 = 30.8; P < 0.001). Hypertension was diagnosed in 29.1% of the migrants and 13.9% of the indigenous population (x2 = 45.3, P < 0.001). Obesity was found more frequently in the migrants. It was concluded that i) transrural migrant populations have a high prevalence of diabetes and hypertension and ii) the significant inter-population differences may be due to the higher frequency of risk factors in the migrants whose dietary habits also differed from the indigenous populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-161
Number of pages13
JournalEcology of Food and Nutrition
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 1995
Externally publishedYes

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