Development of an International Standardized Curriculum for Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy Teaching Utilizing Modified Delphi Methodology

Ruth E. Blackham, Raul J. Rosenthal, Kelvin Higa, Michel Gagner, Teodor P. Grantcharov, Jeffrey M. Hamdorf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: The performance of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy has increased markedly to become the single-most performed bariatric surgical procedure globally. To date, a means of standardized trainee teaching has not been developed. The aim of this study was to design a laparoscopic curriculum for trainees of bariatric surgery utilizing modified Delphi consensus methodology. Methods: A panel of surgeons was assembled to devise an academic framework of technical, non-technical and cognitive skills utilized in the performance of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. The panel invited 18 bariatric surgeons experienced in laparoscopic gastrectomy from 11 countries to rate the items for inclusion in the curriculum to a predefined level of agreement. Results: A consensus of experts was achieved for 24 of the 30 proposed elements for inclusion within the first round of the curriculum Delphi panel. All components pertaining to anatomical knowledge, peri-operative considerations and non-technical items were accepted. A second round further examined six statements, of which three were accepted. Agreement of the panel was reached for 27 of the cognitive, technical and non-technical components after two rounds. Three statements found no consensus. Conclusions: Utilizing modified Delphi methodology, a curriculum outlining the most important components of teaching the procedure of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, has been determined by a consensus of international experts in bariatric surgery. The curriculum is suggested as a standard in proficiency-based training of this procedure. It forms a generic template which facilitates individual jurisdictions to perform content validation, adapting the curriculum to local requirements in teaching the next generation of bariatric surgeons. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4257-4263
Number of pages7
JournalObesity Surgery
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


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