Development of a Consensus List of Potentially Inappropriate Medications for Korean Older Adults

Moo-Young Kim, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Chae-Bong Kim, Jong Lull Yoon, Hyuk Ga, Hyun Chung Kim, Jung Soo Song, Kwang-il Kim, Chang Won Won

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Korea has recently attained the aged society status and the growth rate of the aging population will be among the most rapid worldwide. The objective of this study was to develop a credible list of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) for Korean older adults. Methods: A new Korean PIMs list was produced through a comprehensive structured expert survey (modified Delphi method). To generate an expert panel, we invited the nomination of experts in geriatric medication from the Korean Geriatric Society, the Korean Academy of Clinical Geriatrics, the Korean Academy of Family Medicine, the Korean Association for Geriatric Psychiatry, and the Korean Association of Geriatric Hospitals. Based on their recommendation, the expert panel consisted of 14 geriatric specialists, including 10 geriatricians (7 family medicine doctors and 3 internal medicine doctors), 3 geriatric psychiatrists, and 1 clinical pharmacist. After 4 rounds, the new Korean PIMs list was finalized. Results: Sixty-two drugs were classified as PIMs for older adults irrespective of comorbidities, including antipsychotics, tricyclic antidepressants, benzodiazepines, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and first-generation antihistamines. Forty-eight drugs or drug categories were classified as PIMs for 18 specific conditions that older adults encounter frequently. The expert panel presented the rationale and comments including preferred therapeutic alternatives and exceptional situations for each item. Conclusion: We presented a "user-friendly" PIMs list for Korean older adults. Further prospective studies to validate its usefulness in clinical settings and regular updating of the list are required. It is also important to disseminate this list to doctors who prescribe medication to older people.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-129
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of geriatric medicine and research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018


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