Development and preliminary validation of the mindfulness inventory for sport

Emilie Thienot, Ben Jackson, James Dimmock, Bob Grove, M. Bernier, J.F. Fournier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Despite the increasing prevalence of mindfulness-based interventions in sport, no context-specific instrument currently exists to measure mindfulness in sport. The Mindfulness Inventory for Sport (MIS) was devised using a three-stage approach, to measure one's ability to: (1) be aware of disruptive stimuli and their associated internal reactions; (2) adopt a non-judgmental attitude towards these stimuli and reactions; and (3) quickly refocus attention on goal-related cues. Method: In stage 1, a pool of items was developed and assessed by six experts in the areas of mindfulness and instrument validation. In stage 2, exploratory factor analyses with data collected from undergraduate student-athletes (N=370) resulted in a three-factor, 19-item version of the instrument. In stage 3, confirmatory analyses using structural equation modelling were conducted with a sample of elite athletes (N=343). Results and conclusion: A final 15-item three-factor version displayed an acceptable model fit, with little evidence of invariance demonstrated across sport type and partial invariance across gender. In addition, the subscales of the MIS displayed significant correlations with conceptually-related variables such as flow, worry, concentration disruption, and perfectionism. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-80
JournalPsychology of Sport and Exercise
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Mindfulness
Sports
Equipment and Supplies
Athletes
Aptitude
Statistical Factor Analysis
Cues
Students

Cite this

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title = "Development and preliminary validation of the mindfulness inventory for sport",
abstract = "Objectives: Despite the increasing prevalence of mindfulness-based interventions in sport, no context-specific instrument currently exists to measure mindfulness in sport. The Mindfulness Inventory for Sport (MIS) was devised using a three-stage approach, to measure one's ability to: (1) be aware of disruptive stimuli and their associated internal reactions; (2) adopt a non-judgmental attitude towards these stimuli and reactions; and (3) quickly refocus attention on goal-related cues. Method: In stage 1, a pool of items was developed and assessed by six experts in the areas of mindfulness and instrument validation. In stage 2, exploratory factor analyses with data collected from undergraduate student-athletes (N=370) resulted in a three-factor, 19-item version of the instrument. In stage 3, confirmatory analyses using structural equation modelling were conducted with a sample of elite athletes (N=343). Results and conclusion: A final 15-item three-factor version displayed an acceptable model fit, with little evidence of invariance demonstrated across sport type and partial invariance across gender. In addition, the subscales of the MIS displayed significant correlations with conceptually-related variables such as flow, worry, concentration disruption, and perfectionism. {\circledC} 2013 Elsevier Ltd.",
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Development and preliminary validation of the mindfulness inventory for sport. / Thienot, Emilie; Jackson, Ben; Dimmock, James; Grove, Bob; Bernier, M.; Fournier, J.F.

In: Psychology of Sport and Exercise, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2014, p. 72-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Thienot, Emilie

AU - Jackson, Ben

AU - Dimmock, James

AU - Grove, Bob

AU - Bernier, M.

AU - Fournier, J.F.

PY - 2014

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AB - Objectives: Despite the increasing prevalence of mindfulness-based interventions in sport, no context-specific instrument currently exists to measure mindfulness in sport. The Mindfulness Inventory for Sport (MIS) was devised using a three-stage approach, to measure one's ability to: (1) be aware of disruptive stimuli and their associated internal reactions; (2) adopt a non-judgmental attitude towards these stimuli and reactions; and (3) quickly refocus attention on goal-related cues. Method: In stage 1, a pool of items was developed and assessed by six experts in the areas of mindfulness and instrument validation. In stage 2, exploratory factor analyses with data collected from undergraduate student-athletes (N=370) resulted in a three-factor, 19-item version of the instrument. In stage 3, confirmatory analyses using structural equation modelling were conducted with a sample of elite athletes (N=343). Results and conclusion: A final 15-item three-factor version displayed an acceptable model fit, with little evidence of invariance demonstrated across sport type and partial invariance across gender. In addition, the subscales of the MIS displayed significant correlations with conceptually-related variables such as flow, worry, concentration disruption, and perfectionism. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

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