Developing an Australian utility value set for the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale-4D (ECOHIS-4D) using a discrete choice experiment

Ruvini M. Hettiarachchi, Peter Arrow, Sameera Senanayake, Hannah Carter, David Brain, Richard Norman, Utsana Tonmukayawul, Lisa Jamieson, Sanjeewa Kularatna

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6 Citations (Web of Science)


Purpose Preference-based quality of life measures (PBMs) are used to generate quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) in economic evaluations. A PBM consists of (1) a health state classification system and (2) a utility value set that allows the instrument responses to be converted to QALYs. A new, oral health-specific classification system, the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale-4D (ECOHIS-4D) has recently been developed. The aim of this study was to generate an Australian utility value set for the ECOHIS-4D. Methods A discrete choice experiment with duration (DCETTO) was used as the preference elicitation technique. An online survey was administered to a representative sample of Australian adults over 18 years. Respondents were given 14 choice tasks (10 tasks from the DCE design of 50 choice sets blocked into five blocks, 2 practice tasks, a repeated and a dominant task). Data were analyzed using the conditional logit model. Results A total of 1201 respondents from the Australian general population completed the survey. Of them, 69% (n = 829) perceived their oral health status to be good, very good, or excellent. The estimated coefficients from the conditional logit models were in the expected directions and were statistically significant (p < 0.001). The utility values for health states defined by the ECOHIS-4D ranged from 0.0376 to 1.0000. Conclusions This newly developed utility value set will enable the calculation of utility values for economic evaluations of interventions related to oral diseases such as dental caries among young children. This will facilitate more effective resource allocation for oral health services.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1285-1296
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Health Economics
Issue number8
Early online date17 Nov 2022
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023


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