Determination of low loss in isotopically pure single crystal 28Si at low temperatures and single microwave photon energy

Nikita Kostylev, Maxim Goryachev, Andrey D. Bulanov, Vladimir A. Gavva, Michael E. Tobar

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The low dielectric losses of an isotopically pure single crystal 28 Si sample were determined at a temperature of 20 mK and at powers equivalent to that of a single photon. Whispering Gallery Mode (WGM) analysis revealed large Quality Factors of order 2 × 106 (dielectric loss ∼5 × 10-7) at high powers, degrading to 7 × 10-5 (dielectric loss ∼1.4 × 10-6 at single photon energy. A very low-loss narrow line width paramagnetic spin flip transition was detected with extreme sensitivity in 28 Si, with very small concentration below 10 10cm-3 (less than 10 parts per trillion) and g-factor of 1.995 ± 0.008. Such determination was only possible due to the low dielectric photonic losses combined with the long lifetime of the spin transition (low magnetic loss), which enhances the magnetic AC susceptibility. Such low photonic loss at single photon energy combined with the narrow line width of the spin ensemble, indicate that single crystal 28 Si could be an important crystal for future cavity QED experiments.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number44813
    JournalScientific Reports
    Volume7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 20 Mar 2017

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Determination of low loss in isotopically pure single crystal 28Si at low temperatures and single microwave photon energy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this