Detection of localized pulsatile motion in cutaneous microcirculation by speckle decorrelation optical coherence tomography angiography

Peijun Gong, Christian Heiss, Danuta M. Sampson, Qiang Wang, Zhihong Yuan, David D. Sampson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Significance: Pulsatility is a vital characteristic of the cardiovascular system. Characterization of the pulsatility pattern locally in the peripheral microvasculature is currently not readily available and would provide an additional source of information, which may prove important in understanding the pathophysiology of arterial stiffening, vascular ageing, and their linkage with cardiovascular disease development. Aim: We aim to confirm the suitability of speckle decorrelation optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) under various noncontact/contact scanning protocols for the visualization of pulsatility patterns in vessel-free tissue and in the microvasculature of peripheral human skin. Results: Results from five healthy subjects show distinct pulsatile patterns both in vessel-free tissue with either noncontact or contact imaging and in individual microvessels with contact imaging. Respectively, these patterns are likely caused by the pulsatile pressure and pulsatile blood flow. The pulse rates show good agreement with those from pulse oximetry, confirming that the pulsatile signatures reflect pulsatile hemodynamics. Conclusions: This study demonstrates the potential of speckle decorrelation OCTA for measuring localized peripheral cutaneous pulsatility and defines scanning protocols necessary to undertake such measurements. Noncontact imaging should be used for the study of pulsatility in vessel-free tissue and contact imaging with strong mechanical coupling in individual microvessels. Further studies of microcirculation based upon this method and protocols are warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number095004
JournalJournal of Biomedical Optics
Volume25
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Detection of localized pulsatile motion in cutaneous microcirculation by speckle decorrelation optical coherence tomography angiography'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this