Detecting Fetal Macrosomia with Abdominal Circumference Alone

C. Henrichs, Pat Magann, K.L. Grantley, J.H. Crews, M. Sanderson, S.P. Chauhan

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    19 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE: To determine if abdominal circumference (AC) can identify macrosomia (greater than or equal to4,000 g) at or beyond 37 weeks.STUDY DESIGN: Prospectively, parturients at term admitted for delivery underwent sonographic mensuration of AC. A receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve was constructed to determine if AC can differentiate between normal (birth weight < 3,999 g) and macrosomia. A likelihood ratio was calculated. P <.05 was considered significant.RESULTS: The mean gestational age of the 256 subjects was 39.1 +/- 1.5 weeks, and the prevalence of macrosomia was 8.2% (21/256). Inspection of the ROC curve indicated that ACgreater than or equal to350 mm can identify macrosomic fetuses. The area tinder the ROC curve (0.79 +/- 0.04 for macrosomia) was significantly different than the area under the nondiagnostic line (P <.005). The likelihood ratio for AC to detect macrosomia was 2.9 (95% confidence interval, 2.1-4.0). Based on the proportion of macrosomia in our population, we would require over 1,000,000 newborns for a macrosomia analysis to obtain narrow confidence intervals around a clinically useful likelihood ratio.CONCLUSION: Using the guidelines proposed by the Evidence-Based Medicine Working Group, AC is slightly useful in detecting macrosomia among term parturients.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)339-342
    JournalJournal of Reproductive Medicine
    Volume48
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

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