Design of concrete fracture property by average aggregate size

Yi Chen, Xiangyu Han, Xiaozhi Hu, Qingbin Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Web of Science)


This study presents a design methodology for concrete fracture properties, linking the average aggregate size dav to the tensile strength ft and fracture toughness KIC for a given cement grade and water/cement (W/C) ratio. Two different concrete mixes with dav = 3.5 and 7 mm were tested and analyzed. Similar peak load Pmax values were obtained under three-point-bending conditions, but with different “ductility”. Variations of ft & KIC with dav were established by a simple design formula, which can be used to tailor bulk concrete fracture properties for specific purposes. A statistical method was introduced to estimate the effective dav if only the maximum aggregate size dmax was given. Comprehensive fracture data in literature were analyzed to demonstrate the estimation of dav from dmax. The purposely designed concrete mixes and data in literature show the significance of dav design even after the cement grade and W/C ratio are fixed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104105
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021


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